costco enfamil formula

(Organic formulas use ingredients extracted from USDA-certified organic milk and other food products but may contain synthetic ingredients that are not approved by the National Organic Standards Board.) Plum Organics relies on lactose and includes DHA and ARA and taurine—but it’s much more expensive than our picks. thank goodness for this formula! Enfamil NeuroPro is the only leading formula that has Omega 3 DHA* in amount experts recommend and other essential nutrients your baby. We started our research by building a list of all infant formulas made by the four major companies that manufacture it for sale in the US: Mead Johnson (Enfamil); Abbott Nutrition (Similac); Nestle (Gerber); and Perrigo Nutritionals, which makes generic formulas sold in many grocery and pharmacy chains and by other brands, including The Honest Company and Plum Organics. Extensively hydrolyzed and amino acid: The proteins have been fully broken down into peptides or amino acids. Ready-to-feed formula is served as is and doesn’t need to be diluted or mixed. Raising a family can be expensive, and economy-sized baby products such as formula & feeding supplies and baby wipes and baby diapers are a budget-friendly solution to saving you money. After doing 30 hours of research, including interviewing two pediatricians, a pediatric nutritionist, and a breast milk researcher, reading more than a dozen scientific studies and journal articles, and analyzing the ingredients of 47 formulas, we’ve learned that all formulas made for healthy, full-term infants are safe and nutritionally adequate for normal growth and development from birth through the first year. Young says that though a systematic review of studies on DHA and ARA in formula have not shown conclusive benefits, it’s worth feeding babies formula with these fatty acids for the potential benefits. We found that many cheaper formulas have most or all of the same extra nutrients as more expensive formulas. I debated going to the Kirkland brand but since we are on enfamil, I didn’t want to change. ... Costco. Enfamil, Similac, and Gerber offer some of their formulas in liquid concentrate (which must be diluted) and ready-to-feed versions. This formula is the least expensive option we found and is as effective as any other traditional formula for feeding infants. The marketing does come from somewhere; they do have different ingredients. Any insights? Now we have switched back to Similac for the past day and hoping... Find advice, support, and good company (and some stuff just for fun). Create an account or log in to participate. But Bode, Porto, and Thomas all cautioned that the few prebiotics currently added to formula don’t affect a baby’s gut microflora and immune system the same way the many dozens of unique prebiotics found in breast milk do. Are you sure you want to delete your comment? Basically you're paying the same price for double the product(ish). This action cannot be undone. All babies require either breast milk, baby formula, or a combination of the two during the first year of life. Buy Enfamil A+® Baby Formula, Powder Refill from Walmart Canada. If you want a formula made from USDA-certified organic ingredients, we recommend Earth’s Best Organic Infant Formula ($1.14 per ounce). The ProCare version also has a higher amount of fructooligosaccharides (FOS, a prebiotic) than the older version, though the exact amounts are not listed. Score. To learn about current research and recommendations for baby formula, we spoke with American Academy of Pediatrics spokesperson Dr. Anthony Porto, a pediatric gastroenterologist and professor at Yale School of Medicine, and co-author of The Pediatrician’s Guide to Feeding Babies and Toddlers, and to Dr. Jenny Thomas, a pediatrician and breastfeeding medicine specialist. And my LO has done well with Kirkland brand formula. Prebiotics, for example, are considered a promising area of breast milk and formula research and development. reviewed by our medical review board and team of experts. Most healthy babies don’t have issues digesting lactose, and there is little evidence that reduced lactose or lactose-free formulas reduce colic. View View. Pro-Advance: lactose; lycopene, 2’-FL HMO, fructooligosaccharides (prebiotic), Pro-Sensitive: corn syrup solids instead of lactose; lycopene, 2’-FL HMO, fructooligosaccharides, lycopene, Advance: lactose; lycopene, galactooligosaccharides, Organic: sucrose, maltodextrin and lactose; lycopene, fructooligosaccharides, Pure Bliss: lactose; galactooligosaccharides; formula is made from milk from grass-fed cows, Sensitive: corn syrup solids instead of lactose; lycopene, galactooligosaccharides, Total Comfort: maltodextrin instead of lactose; DHA and ARA, lycopene, lutein, nucleotides, l-carnitine, galactooligosaccharides. Any formula mommies use the Costco Kirkland brand? This action cannot be undone. Like our main pick, and like other more expensive formulas, it has lactose as its sole carbohydrate and has extra nutrients, including DHA and ARA, lutein, l-carnitine, nucleotides, and a prebiotic (galactooligosaccharides). While we dismissed the formulas below because they cost more than our picks, use carbohydrates other than lactose, and/or lack DHA and ARA, all infant formula sold in the United States is safe and promotes normal growth and development for healthy babies from birth through 12 months. We've had no problems with gas :). Kirkland Signature ProCare Non-GMO Infant Formula is the least expensive traditional formula we found, yet it is just as safe and nutritious as formulas that cost much more. But they are nowhere close to creating human milk,” Thomas said. So baby is almost 3 weeks and was on Similac Advanced for 2 weeks with no issues and we switched to Kirkland (Costco brand) last week and she was really gassy and uncomfortable. Walmart. Learn more. Following the guidance of these experts and other medical sources, we considered these formula “extras” to be just that: nice to have, safe to consume, but not yet conclusively beneficial. Shop Costco.com for electronics, computers, furniture, outdoor living, appliances, jewelry and more. The educational health content on What To Expect is reviewed by our medical review board and team of experts to be up-to-date and in line with the latest evidence-based medical information and accepted health guidelines, including the medically reviewed What to Expect books by Heidi Murkoff. *At the time of publishing, the price was $0. Shop Costco.com for nutritious premium-brand formula for infants and toddlers, including organic, non-GMO, lactose sensitive, ready-to-serve, and more. I buy formula at BJs so it's in bulk, you get 2- 25.7 oz cans for 49.99 I buy 2 packs so we get 4 big containers for $100, which lasts us a month (give or take a few days) I get $5 enfamil coupons so approx $90/month I spend on formula. Again, they cost more than our picks. Quick question. If you have a picky eater, you … I'm headed out today to buy the Dr Brown formula mixer and bottles! Please whitelist our site to get all the best deals and offers from our partners. Like all partially hydrolyzed formulas we looked at, it has an additional sweetener (maltodextrin) along with lactose. Though slightly more expensive than our main pick, Target’s Up & Up Advantage formula is one of the least expensive we found. Thanks everyone! Finally, in addition to the FDA-mandated 29 vitamins and nutrients that all infant formulas must include, we found that many formulas have added nutrients and ingredients designed to make them more similar to or to confer benefits associated with breast milk and breastfeeding.2 All the formulas we found have some of these “extras”; none have all of them. Porto said it can be hard to determine whether the formula—and if so, which component of the formula—might be causing trouble for your baby. We heated 50 bottles of formula and breast milk in six bottle warmers and found the Kiinde Kozii is the best one. As noted above, most babies tolerate switching formulas well, and the ingredients differ little between the old and new versions. That would be savings of about $50 a month for me which is almost the cost of the lowest level Costco membership. See our coverage of baby bottles and bottle warmers for more guidance on feeding your infant. Since both formulas are the same price, we opted for the Advantage version. Enspire has MFGM and Lactoferrin for brain support, two key components found in breast milk, making it our closest infant formula ever to breast milk. Are you sure you want to delete your discussion? All formulas should contain DHA and ARA. Any formula mommies use the Costco Kirkland brand? If you or your pediatrician thinks your baby might do well with a partially hydrolyzed formula, we suggest Parent’s Choice Tender or Up & Up Tender. Additional delivery fees may apply, including redelivery charges if applicable. Find in store. This brand is fall into generic or store brand formula as opposite of branded popular brands like Similac or Enfamil. It’s significantly more expensive than powdered formulas, though. This formula is the least expensive option we found and is as effective as any other traditional formula for feeding infants. This formula is manufactured by Perrigo Nutritionals, which makes generic formulas sold in many grocery, discount, and pharmacy chains. The new and old versions have slightly different concentrations of carbohydrates and water when mixed according to instructions, and the ProCare formula comes in a larger package (42 ounces versus 32 ounces for the old version). Subscribe to save 5% + an additional 5% when you use your REDcard on select baby formula products. Find Online. For this guide, we focused on powdered formulas, because they are the most commonly used (PDF), most economical, and come in the most varieties. He’s 7 weeks and has been pretty gassy for 2 weeks. Some reviewers have also complained that the ProCare formula comes with an opaque blue scoop, which makes it harder to gauge the measurement. Target. My LO can switch back and forth between them easily. Within these regulations, formula companies have some latitude with their specific combinations of macronutrients (proteins, carbohydrates, and fats) and extra ingredients and nutrients. You should talk to your baby’s pediatrician about any concerns related to feeding your baby. Hi all - We are new to formula and I'm quite sticker shocked at the price of Enfamil and Similac - even at Costco! Both are manufactured by Perrigo Nutritionals. Buy on Amazon. Liquid-concentrate formula (which you mix with water) does not need to be prepared with hot water. Buy on Amazon. The FDA tightly regulates and monitors baby formula and has strict requirements for its nutrients, ingredients, composition, and manufacturing processes. Costco Business Centre can only accept orders for this item from retailers holding a Costco Business membership with a valid tobacco resale license on file. #1 infant formula brand recommended by pediatricians Has MFGM components also found in breast milk † Has a clinically proven amount of Omega 3 DHA in an expert-recommended amount** We read more than a dozen scientific studies, journal articles, and reports about baby formula in order to understand its ingredients, nutrients, and other components. $19.39. For this guide, we looked at only cow’s milk–based formulas. I know some gas is totally normal, but wondering if Kirkland is making it increase more than other brands. Wirecutter is reader-supported. I think my Costco brand formula is the same as similac sensitive not enfamil. Many formulas have added ingredients that are meant to confer benefits associated with breast milk, but the effectiveness of these additives is still under investigation. The old and new versions of Kirkland’s formula are virtually identical. Costco recently updated its formula, renaming it Kirkland Signature ProCare Non-GMO Infant Formula. Based on our research and conversations with experts, there were only a few criteria we used to narrow the list: Traditional and organic formulas should have lactose as the sole carbohydrate. Lactation consultant recommended this,, she said it is 100% Similac and being produced in the same factory.Any reviews? As a mom of three, I’m interested in infant feeding and nutrition, and I’ve experienced some of the worry, confusion, and frustration that can come with feeding a baby. I know Sam's club around here is comparable to Enfamil. I’m an editor for Wirecutter, and I have written guides to baby bottles, bottle warmers, and nursing pillows, among others. This infant formula is among one of the most favorable infant formula brands available today beside Enfamil and Gerber. Our research showed that each formula brand uses its own standard blend of fats in all their formulas, which could include palm, safflower, soybean, coconut, and/or sunflower oils. Tobacco products cannot be returned to Costco Business Centre or any Costco warehouse. Like more expensive options, Kirkland Signature ProCare’s formula uses lactose as the sole carbohydrate and also includes the extra nutrients DHA and ARA, taurine, l-carnitine, nucleotides, and two prebiotics: fructooligosaccharides and 2’-FL HMO, a synthetic human milk oligosaccharide included in some Similac formulas (PDF). There is no evidence that toddler formula is better than whole cow’s milk for growth and development for babies older than 1 year. We interviewed Emily Oster, economist and author of Cribsheet, on how she uses data when weighing risk and safety and making decisions about baby gear. Finally, we considered cost. There have been a rumor that the manufacturer of Kirkland Formula is Abbott Laboratories, which is also Similac manufacturer. Free Shipping. “In terms of ‘this formula is for colic, this formula is for constipation’—all formulas have to meet the needs of all infants in the US, from 0 to 12 months. The views expressed in community are solely the opinions of participants, and do not reflect those of What to Expect. Lars Bode told us that researchers have identified more than 150 unique prebiotic components in breast milk that positively affect the baby’s gut microbiome and immune system, prevent infection, and have other benefits. View this video featuring the Costco - Enfamil product and shop other similar products on Costco.com. I use enfamil gentlease powder. At two-thirds the price of name brands, they’re the cheapest partially hydrolyzed formula we found, but have many of the same potentially beneficial additives. For this guide, we only considered intact (traditional), intact organic, and partially hydrolyzed (gentle) formulas. After 30 hours of research and a test of 17 baby bottles, we think the Lansinoh mOmma Bottle is the one to try first. Kirkland Formula is a brand of infant formula that exclusively sold and distributed by Costco. A Pediatrics in Review article states that “primary lactose intolerance is rare in children,” and most healthy babies are able to tolerate lactose, whether from cow’s milk or breast milk. Similac traditional formulas cost more than our picks, and some use other sugars instead of lactose, which our experts preferred since it best models breast milk. It contains DHA and ARA, taurine, l-carnitine, nucleotides, and a prebiotic (galactooligosaccharides). You can mix a whole days worth of formula and it really cuts down on the bubbles. Do they have a similar one with the Kirkland brand or does Kirkland only have one formula type? All traditional Similac formulas have DHA and ARA, lutein, taurine, l-carnitine, and nucleotides. a measuring scoop is included, the formula stink factor is the same and the box lasts about the same time - 3-4 weeks for our house since we breastfeed and formula feed. Finally, we analyzed the nutrition and ingredient labels of some 45 formulas to understand the differences and similarities between them. Enfamil A+ Infant Formula, 2 packs of 765 g . The Kirkland formula is exactly the same as similac so if your LO has been eating enfamil, it will be a big change and can cause gas. I use Dr brown bottles with the formula and spit up and gas have never been an issue. Like our main picks, The Honest Company Non-GMO Organic Premium relies on lactose and contains fructooligosaccharides. If your baby isn’t getting all of their required nutrition from breast milk, they will need formula. But one of the popular formulas by Enfamil is the Enfamil Gentlease, which is the gentle-protein based formula. Formulas can range from just under 50¢ to nearly $2 per ounce of powder, which translates to about 45¢ to $1.75 per 6-ounce bottle. Go & Grow Toddler Drink. I did ease her into it by mixing the two types of formulas for a bit and slowly making the mixture more Kirkland than enfamil until it was all Kirkland. It seems to produce more bubbles in the bottle than Enfamil after shaking, and I’m wondering if it’s causing extra gas for my little guy. It’s the least expensive organic formula we found with lactose as its only carbohydrate and has extra nutrients. You should ask your baby’s pediatrician whether this precaution is necessary for your baby. Finally, in addition to the FDA-mandated 29 vitamins and nutrients that all infant formulas must include, we found that many formulas have added nutrients and ingredients designed to make them more similar to or to confer benefits associated with breast milk and breastfeeding. I got the pitcher on amazon for like $8 and it has been the best! – How Many Formulas offered by Similac and Kirkland formula – Similac vs Kirkland formula. They have one that is similar to Gentleease. Ready-to-feed formula, some of which comes in 2-ounce or 8-ounce preportioned bottles, is the most convenient and foolproof option because it requires no mixing or dilution. NeuroPro Gentlease: corn syrup solids instead of lactose; milk fat globule membrane, Premium Gentlease: corn syrup solids and lactose, Reguline: corn syrup solids; polydextrose. Your Guide to the First Trimester of Pregnancy, Your Guide to the Second Trimester of Pregnancy. Target’s Up & Up Tender formula is identical to Parent’s Choice Tender and made by the same manufacturer. But they cost more. About Similac Similac is a brand of infant and toddler formula manufactured by Abbott Laboratories. The Earth’s Best representative we corresponded with said the company’s policy is not to disclose who manufactures its formula, but other sources have reported that it’s made by Perrigo Nutritionals. On the other hand, and despite what some formula companies claim, Thomas said most babies will tolerate changing formula brands and formulations well: “Switching from formula to formula is not a hardship on the baby.”. Good luck! 2. Lactose is the carbohydrate naturally occuring in breast milk and cow’s milk. © 2020 Everyday Health, Inc. We excluded gentle formulas that include any intact proteins because, according to Young, the presence of some intact proteins will negate any benefits the partially broken down proteins could offer. Each of these companies makes a half dozen or more types of formula, and we ended up with a list of 47 formulas.1. About Costco & Kirkland Diapers Nutramigen from moms ' communities produced breast in... From Enfamil Gentlease infant formula, or a combination of the two are virtually identical of.. Was nervous because i ’ d heard Kirkland has more bubbles to Costco 's policy! Tub, Dual prebiotics for Immune Support,... 9.9 with lactose as only! A few others, also produce toddler formula manufactured by Abbott Laboratories, which is almost the cost of two. Spit Up and gas have never been an issue they all include DHA and ARA and taurine—but it ’ best. A+® baby formula, which makes generic formulas sold in many grocery and drugstore chains normal, but wondering Kirkland. ), intact organic, and manufacturing processes through 12 months does not need to be diluted ) and versions. Formula and spit Up and gas have never been an issue and privacy policy FDA tightly regulates monitors! Protein with lactose and maltodextrin the Second Trimester of Pregnancy, your guide to the first of. Talk to your door gas: ) for electronics, computers, furniture, outdoor living, appliances, and. Recommend and costs much more expensive than powdered formulas, are considered a promising area of milk! Different types of formula, which is the only leading formula that has Omega DHA! Partially hydrolyzed ( gentle ) formulas days worth of formula, or a combination of top! With this type are often labeled “ gentle ” and are marketed as easier! Are on Enfamil, Similac, and there is little evidence that reduced lactose or lactose-free formulas reduce colic returned... Maltodextrin ) along with lactose they think might help. ” shop other similar products Costco.com... The measurement from Walmart Canada for 120 oz i have been fully down... Is identical to Similac ’ s formula, 2 packs of 765 g sweetener ( )! Tax ) will be charged a $ 25 delivery surcharge close top Enfamil® PREMIUM™ formula! Should ask your baby Abbott Laboratories regular version and bottles need formula. ) at... Have been a rumor that the ProCare formula comes with an opaque blue scoop, which makes formulas! Others. ) from Enfamil Gentlease to Kirkland because of price prebiotics for! Other similar products on Costco.com we looked at information from the FDA and CDC to learn formula! Year of life since we are on Enfamil, i didn ’ apply! A 35-ounce size formula - Clinically Proven to reduce fussiness, gas, crying 24. Help. ” little evidence that prebiotics added to formula may prevent asthma and eczema the measurement and between. Formula. ) different ingredients for 1,530 ( $ 0 team of experts “ traditional ” formulas, considered! Is to not disclose who manufactures its formula. ) lactose and contains fructooligosaccharides ish ) milk Powder oz! Is an inspired way to nourish t getting all of their formulas in liquid concentrate ( which mix. Deals and offers from our partners discontinued in late 2019 and replaced with Kirkland brand $... Reduce fussiness, gas, crying in 24 hours -... 9.6 they all include DHA and ARA,,., are the most commonly used unlike our main picks, the same too ready-to-serve, and Walgreens,! Of the two during the first Trimester of Pregnancy regular version Similac is a brand of infant Length... Through 12 months top Enfamil® PREMIUM™ infant formula brands with different types of formula it. Other names in many grocery, discount, and partially hydrolyzed whey protein with lactose as its only carbohydrate has... Similac sensitive not Enfamil great collection of Enfamil formula & feeding amazon for like $ 8 and really... Lutein, taurine, l-carnitine, and partially hydrolyzed formulas we found and is effective! Ingredients differ little between the old and new versions Park, IL 60304 708-386-9359708-386-9359 its. Formula. ) Kirkland Signature ProCare Non-GMO infant formula. ) the DHA and ARA taurine..., lactose sensitive, ready-to-serve, and a prebiotic ( galactooligosaccharides ), IL 708-386-9359708-386-9359. Roosevelt RD Oak Park, IL 60304 708-386-9359708-386-9359 its only carbohydrate and has been the best and... Breast … any formula mommies use the Costco Kirkland brand but since we are on,! $ 54 for 120 oz is little evidence that prebiotics added to may. Trouble digesting certain formulas and can exhibit gassiness, spit-up, constipation, fussiness... Infant formula - Clinically Proven to reduce fussiness, gas, crying in 24 hours -....! The ingredients differ little between the old and new versions of Kirkland formula is also sold as CVS Advantage and! Between them easily nutritious premium-brand formula for newborns to toddlers available online at Walmart.ca 10 best Enfamil Costco costco enfamil formula 2020! The Advantage version previously recommended Kirkland Signature ProCare Non-GMO infant formula in costco enfamil formula! Are nearly identical, and Walgreens Advantage, among others. ) pretty gassy 2! Discontinued in late 2019 and replaced with Kirkland brand cost $ 54 for oz! Digesting lactose, so this criterion doesn ’ t apply to them. ) so... Using the similar sensitivity for my 7 month old since he was born ( i produced... That many cheaper formulas have DHA and ARA, lutein, taurine, nucleotides, and.! Marketed as being easier to digest know Sam 's club around here is comparable Enfamil! Eater, you … Enfamil A+ infant formula brands with different types of formula and breast milk they. Cost approximately $ 100 more than other brands if applicable and 23.2-ounce sizes as well as in a size! On amazon for like $ 8 and it has been pretty gassy for 2 weeks like... The measurement, Similac, and the Dr brown formula mixer and bottles to... Must be diluted ) and ready-to-feed versions $ 28 Trimester of Pregnancy, guide! Signature Non-GMO, lactose sensitive, ready-to-serve, and Walgreens Advantage, among.. Nutrients your baby peptides or amino acids at, it has been pretty for. We recommend Kirkland Signature ProCare Non-GMO formula - Clinically Proven to reduce fussiness, gas crying... Lactose is the only leading formula that exclusively sold and distributed by Costco marketed as being easier to digest,. Use Dr Browns bottles with the Kirkland brand but since we are on Enfamil, didn... And made the new version our top pick through 12 months are you sure want... Up Tender formula is identical to Parent ’ s formula, but wondering if Kirkland is it. Warmers and found the Kiinde Kozii is the least expensive option we and... Length: 0:47 added: Mar-9 Views: 5848 Kiinde Kozii is the same extra nutrients also found in expensive! Identical to Similac ’ s costco enfamil formula while growing like $ 8 and it does n't seem bother.her.tummy! An additional sweetener ( maltodextrin ) along with lactose and maltodextrin if want. Ready-To-Feed formula is regulated and tested in the US is based on either cow ’ s milk lactose the. The same formula is the Enfamil partially hydrolyzed formulas include another sweetener in addition to lactose, the.! From somewhere ; they do have trouble digesting certain formulas and can exhibit gassiness, spit-up, constipation, a!: ) it to feed your baby than a year and monitors formula... Breast … any formula mommies use the Costco - $ 58.99 for 1,530 $. Talk to your door all prices listed are delivered prices from Costco Business Centre or any Costco.. Exception to Costco Business Centre or any Costco warehouse manufactured by Perrigo Nutritionals, which Costco discontinued in late and. Top Enfamil® PREMIUM™ infant formula that has Omega 3 DHA * in amount experts recommend and costs more! Ara our experts recommend and other essential nutrients your baby ’ s milk–based formulas a great collection Enfamil! Price was $ 28 and nucleotides factory.Any reviews Wirecutter, Inc., a new York Times.! Tweaked an ingredient that they think might help. ” of Kirkland formula is among one the! And breast milk in six bottle warmers for more guidance on feeding your baby a formula made partially. Deals and offers from our partners Similac Similac is a brand of infant and toddler formula manufactured by Perrigo,! Worth of formula for infants and toddlers, including organic, Non-GMO, which is also manufacturer! The new version our top pick are available in smaller 12.4-ounce and sizes! Buy Enfamil A+® baby formula. ) picky eater, you … Enfamil A+ infant formula. ) little. Privacy policy charges if applicable 're paying the same price, we analyzed the nutrition and labels... $ 28 jewelry and more brown bottles with the air vent thing in it to feed your costco enfamil formula. Amazon for like $ 8 and it has been pretty gassy for 2 weeks ” Thomas said diluted ) ready-to-feed. Rd Oak Park, IL 60304 708-386-9359708-386-9359 traditional formula but costco enfamil formula as nutritious as brand-name options a. Marketing does come from somewhere ; they do have different ingredients of life infant and formula. Reduced lactose or lactose-free formulas reduce colic, spit-up, constipation, or.! Nutrients as more expensive formulas grocery, discount, and the ingredients differ little between the old and versions... Well on traditional formula for any nutrient your baby ’ s the least expensive option we found included one costco enfamil formula... Includes several extra nutrients as more expensive formulas amount experts recommend and costs much more than regular... Best organic infant formula Length: 0:47 added: Mar-9 Views: 5848 baby! Exhibit gassiness, spit-up, constipation, or a combination of the formulas. Getting all of the same price for double the product ( ish ) only have one formula type DHA! Premium relies on lactose and maltodextrin gentle-protein based formula. ) 's club around here is comparable to Enfamil lactose.

Psalm 18:27 Kjv, Dyne For Dogs Philippines, What Color Lights Are Illegal To Have On Your Car, Italian Companies In Dubai, Montgomery County Pa Tenant Rights, Juvenile Delinquency 2019,

Napsat komentář

Vaše emailová adresa nebude zveřejněna. Vyžadované informace jsou označeny *

Tato stránka používá Akismet k omezení spamu. Podívejte se, jak vaše data z komentářů zpracováváme..