It is not, however, necessary to suppose that St. Paul had actually seen one of these. 2 Do not be conformed to this world,  but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect. With eyes wide open to the mercies of God, I beg you, my brothers, as an act of intelligent worship, to give Him your bodies, as a living sacrifice, consecrated to Him and acceptable by Him. It’s like Paul is saying at the beginning of Romans 12, “Since God has given such wonderful mercies to us, the least we can do is present our bodies to God!” What is a living sacrifice? Then you will know how to do everything that is good and pleasing to him. Always continue to pray. —This virtue was, of course, specially needed in the troublous times through which the Church was passing. He says, "Don't be conformed to this world, but be transformed The kindness of charity is doubled when it is done in a cheerful and kindly way. .—There is a play upon words in this phrase, and those which follow, which is not preserved, and can hardly be preserved, in the English. .—A fine sentiment. (20) Thou shalt heap coals of fire.—Comp. Patient in tribulation; The word “tribulation” signifies threshing as with a flail. 16 Always try to agree and to be friends with each other. Romans 12 deals with three of these changes. Paul appeals to Roman Christians "to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God" (v. 1). He who gives “to be seen of men,” or with any selfish motive, exhausts thereby the merit of the act, see Matthew 6:2 et seq. And first, the all-comprehensive duty. Every one.—A somewhat peculiar phrase in the Greek, not found in this form in classical writers, meaning “as individuals.”, Members one of another.—Strictly speaking, the members are called members in their relation to the body, and not in their relation to each other. 18 If it is possible, try always to be friends with other people. PRESENT YOUR BODIES A LIVING SACRIFICE. EXEGESIS: ROMANS 12:1-2. Simplicity.—With singleness of motive, desiring only God’s glory, and to benefit the object for which he gives, and with no secret thought of self-exaltation. 4 Each part of our body works in a different way. The sense, “Allow time for your own anger to cool,” cannot be got out of the Greek. Romans 12:12. The inward inspiration and the outward deliverance must keep pace, and advance step by step together. Abhor that which is evil.—This clause seems linked on to the last through the word “without hypocrisy”: “Let your love arise from genuine and deep emotion; let the basis of your character be an intense hatred of evil and as strong an adhesion to good.” The Apostle does not here enter into the more difficult question as to how those in whom these emotions are naturally weak are to strengthen them. Decide how much God has helped you to trust him. (15) Rejoice with them that do rejoice.—The feeling of sympathy is perhaps more under the control of the will than might be supposed. It is the difference between an outward conformity or disguise and a thorough inward assimilation. Negatively, we are not to be passively conformed to this world. It is the bully on the playground that enthralls everyone, gathering devotees, terrorizing would-be opponents into silence, enslaving all. 12:1 I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship. CHAPTER 12. http://www.calvaryhillsboro.org/ Subscribe To Watch More: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMljrvWnX5HWCHwB-GAbCsw Thank you for … Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 12:1-2. We Belong Together Sin, in the singular, is a power in Paul’s thought. This last is the most literal rendering, and brings out the resemblance to Matthew 23:13, et al. Do not ask him to do bad things to them. Humility is necessary to the Christian not only in his dealings with others, but also to keep his mind open and teachable. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Do not think that you know everything. (5) In Christ.—Christ is the unifying principle in the Church, just as the personality or will is the unifying principle in man. This world.—Not here the same word as that which is used, e.g., in 1 John 2:15-17, but another, which signifies rather the state of the world as it existed at the Coming of Christ, as opposed to the newly-inaugurated Messianic reign. The Christian is not to copy the fleeting fashions of the present time, but to be wholly transfigured in view of that higher mode of existence, in strict accordance with God’s will, that he has chosen. 10 Love each other truly like brothers and sisters. L et’s take a close look at Romans chapter 3 and study it together and add some personal commentary to it. He that teacheth.—Comp. Most of the commentators prefer this latter way of taking the passage, but it is not quite clear that the former is impossible, “that good, and acceptable, and perfect thing, or course of action which God wills.” “Acceptable,” that is to say, to God Himself. So surely the world will get much richer blessings when enough Jews become the kind of people God wants. This book has caused many to come to saving faith as they are walked down the Roman Road of Romans 3:23, Romans 6:23 and many others. Yes, ask him to be kind to them. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 12:9-21 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 12. Romans 12:2 English Standard Version (ESV). Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a … What precise relation this bore to the prediction of future events, mentioned in Acts 11:27-28; Acts 21:10-11, does not appear. And first, the all-comprehensive duty. Charitable Incorporated Organisation 1162807, https://www.facebook.com/BibleEasyEnglish/. But there is to be this distinction between the old Jewish sacrifices and the Christian sacrifice: the one was of dead animals, the other of the living man. Always continue to pray. Vengeance is mine; I will repay.—The form of this quotation, which differs both from the LXX. You will know what pleases God. Be patient when you have troubles. # 12:1 lives Literally, “bodies.”. .—These words are supplied in the English, “Let us be absorbed in, devoted to, our ministering.”. (18) The Christian can only be responsible for himself. Romans: Paul's Letter to the Romans; CHARLES ELLICOTT - editor. Serving the Lord.—Some of the extant Græco-Latin codices, and others known to Origen and Jerome, read here by a slight change of vowels “serving the time”; no doubt wrongly, though the expression might be compared with 1 Corinthians 7:29; Ephesians 5:16, et al. It was probably just about the time that St. Paul was writing this Epistle, or at most a year or two later, that the series of compositions which ultimately took the shape of our present Gospels began. but be ye transformed.—Here the English is somewhat misleading. If you are with someone who is sad, you should also be sad. Romans 12 Commentary; EASY ENGLISH. Bibliography InformationEllicott, Charles John. (13) Distributing to the necessity of saints.—By “saints” is here meant simply “Christians.” So, in Ephesians 1:1, we find the salutation addressed to the “saints which are at Ephesus.” (Comp. Be patient when the flail falls heavily. 12 Dear friends, God is good. Condescend to men of low estate.—Probably, on the whole, rightly translated in our version; “Let yourselves be carried on in the stream with those who are beneath yourselves in rank and station; mix with them freely; be ready to lend them a helping hand if ever they need, and do this in a simple and kindly way; do not let any social assumptions keep you at a distance.” “Accommodate yourselves,” or “condescend”—of course without any conscious idea or appearance of condescension. 12 Therefore, I urge you,(A)brothers and sisters, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as a living sacrifice,(B)holy and pleasing to God—this is your true and proper worship.2 Do not conform(C)to the pattern of this world,(D)but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. (12) In hope. 3:3-6 - God is right to make his judgement against our … Your bodies.—Not merely a periphrasis for “yourselves,” but in the strict sense “your bodies,” i.e., the very part of you which is apt to be “an occasion of falling.” The Apostle takes the two main parts of human nature separately. (19) Give place unto wrath.—It seems best to understand this of “the wrath of God” (indicated in the Greek, here as elsewhere, by the use of the article). We bring our bodies to the new life, and so Paul writes in Romans 12, “I appeal to you therefore, brothers and sisters, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship” (Romans 12:1). 1 My Christian friends, God has been very kind to us. Romans 12 – Living the Christian Life A. 14 Ask God to bless people who cause trouble for you. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. This will be prevented by the presence of the Christian motive. Offer your bodies to him like a sacrifice that continues to live. 1 Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable (Greek: euareston—well-pleasing) to God, which is your spiritual (Greek: logiken—rational, genuine, true) service (Greek: latreian—service). So far as he is concerned, he is to do his best to maintain peace. (9-21) Now follow to the end of the chapter a number of general exhortations, not addressed to particular persons or classes, but to the Church at large. According to the proportion of faith.—It seems best to take this, not as having reference to the objective rule of faith or doctrine, the due proportions of which are to be preserved, but rather of the active faculty of faith present in him who prophesies. Instead, let God be angry and punish them. (6) Gifts differing according to the grace.—The English loses a point here. It is to exalt our views respecting the blessings Christ has procured for us, by comparing them with the evil which followed upon the fall of our first father; and by showing that these blessings not only extend to … I beseech you therefore, brethren — Paul uses to suit his exhortations to the doctrines he has been delivering. Serve the Lord well because you enjoy it. He that ruleth.—He who holds any position of prominence or importance in the Church. The reference is to the well-known poverty of the early Christian communities. 8 If God has helped you to make others strong, then you should do that. He has given to each of us different gifts so that we can serve him. PRESENT YOUR BODIES A LIVING SACRIFICE. Its object was to provide for the practical business as opposed to the spiritual ministrations of the Church. “The mind” here is not strictly identical with what we now mean by “conscience;” it is, as it were, the rational part of conscience, to which the moral quality needs to be superadded. Then you will understand what God wants you to do. 451201 > ROMANS 12:1-21 HERE we enter on the second division of this Epistle, where Paul, according to his accustomed method, enforces the duties of believers, by arguments dependent on his previous exhibition of the grand and influential doctrines of the Gospel.These doctrines, as well as all the commandments of God, may be summed up in one word, namely, in\parLOVE. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/romans-12.html. This is merely a strong way of characterizing all undue self-elevation. But this is not enough, we must do good works also; let the hand do alms, the mouth bless them that despitefully use us, and the ear find leisure evermore for the hearing of Scripture. The Book of Romans. Study the bible online using commentary on Romans 12 and more! Always be happy to let people stay in your home. All Christians, viewed collectively, make up one body, the unity of which is supplied by their relation to Christ. EXEGESIS: ROMANS 12:1-2. Because of that, I say this to every one of you: Do not think that you are better than you really are. He who has the strongest faith may assume the highest standard, and offer himself for the highest offices, and so on down the scale. You will know what is completely right. Not to think of himself . Notice that the days of sacrifice are not over. I consider myself to be a slave of *Christ Jesus. On the other hand, in the Epistles of a writer like St. Paul, it does not by any means follow that because the word for “high” is neuter that for “low estate” must be neuter too. God helps some people to speak his messages clearly. What is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.—The “will of God” is here, not the divine attribute of will, but the thing willed by God, the right course of action. (10) With brotherly love.—Better translated as in the margin, In love of the brethren (fellow Christians) be kindly affectioned. This sense is still strong upon him, and he makes it the link of transition by which the earnest practical exhortations which follow are bound to what precedes. 5 In the same way, we are many people but we all belong to Christ, like one body. Other examples would be the insertion of the phrase “and fasting” in Mark 9:29, and the addition of the doxology to the Lord’s prayer in Matthew 6:13. .—In every Christian community there should be that harmony which proceeds from a common object, common hopes, common desires. Patient in tribulation. The worshipper must offer, or present, before God, himself, with all his living energies and powers directed consciously to God’s service. . Bible Commentaries (1) At this point the Apostle turns from the speculative, or doctrinal, portion of his Epistle, and begins a series of... (2) Be not conformed . It becomes so, however, not so much by isolated efforts as by a conscious direction given to the whole life. If God has helped you to be kind to others, do that happily. Romans 12 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by Charles Ellicott has been an oft consulted resource by many a preacher! . Reasonable service.—The English phrase is somewhat ambiguous. (Read Romans 5:12-14) The design of what follows is plain. Be patient when you have troubles. These are the two verses that link Romans 1-11 with Romans 12-16 and tell us about our changed lives. And what they lost brought rich blessings to the non-Jewish people. Prophecy.—The gift of prophecy is treated at length in 1 Corinthians 14. Let us, then, from our hands, and feet, and mouth, and all our other members, yield a firstfruit unto God” (St. Chrysostom). They will see that you do good things. The reference is to a state of things in which the Christian was liable to be persecuted and driven from city to city, and often compelled to seek for shelter with those who held the same faith as himself. Serve him with everything that you have and that will please him. 9 Really love other people, not like a hypocrite. Romans 12:1-2 & 13:8-14 ESV Easy-Print Commentary Romans 12:1-2 & 13:8-14 ESV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary English Standard Version and Student Study Handout for Romans 12:1-2 & 13:8-14 Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 12:1-8 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 12:1-2. The view first stated is to be preferred. They should do that well. In spirit—i.e., not “in the Holy Spirit,” but “in that part of you which is spirit.”. Please leave your own comment so that we can all learn from one another. Romans 12 Commentary by William Sanday; THEODORE EPP. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". That’s the most sensible way to serve God. Romans 12:1-2. (12) In hope.—The Christian’s hope, of which we have had more in Romans 8:20-25. 19 My friends, if someone has done bad things to you, do not try to punish them yourselves. (9) Without dissimulation.—The same Greek word is translated “unfeigned” in 2 Corinthians 6:6; 1 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 1:5, and “without hypocrisy” in James 3:17. 6 God has been kind to us. But let God completely change the way that you think, so that you live differently. Romans 12:13-14. It would seem from the first of these passages (“thirdly teachers”) that teaching was considered as a special office, though not, perhaps, confined to special persons. It performs the process of discrimination between good and evil, and so supplies the data to conscience. . Greeting 1:1-7. v1 From Paul. (7) Ministry.—The word used is the technical term for the discharge of the office of deacon. The other most plausible interpretation would be, “Give room to the wrath of your adversary; let it spend itself; resist not evil,” etc., as in Matthew 5:39. The Book of Romans is among my favorites in the entire Bible. Prove.—As elsewhere, “discriminate, and so approve.” The double process is included: first, of deciding what the will of God is; and, secondly, of choosing and acting upon it. 15 Rejoice with those who rejoice, and weep with those who weep. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 12:1-2. The History of the English Bible . Just as being enslaved to sin was an embodied existence, so is being alive to God. . We are to present our bodies a living sacrifice.Sacrificing has been transferred from the physical slaughtering of animals to the sacrifice of the self, from the slaying of a dumb and uncomprehending beast to the intelligent and deliberate choice of an understanding human, made in the image of God. This is what is written in the Bible: If he is thirsty, give him something to drink. “Not to be high-minded beyond that which he ought to be minded, but to be minded unto sober-mindedness.” Our words, “to be minded,” “high-minded,” &c., very nearly express the sense of the Greek, which is to have the thoughts and feelings habitually turned in a certain direction. (Comp. Those people should trust God to tell them what to say. It might mean “a service demanded by reason.” Such, however is not the sense of the Greek, but rather “a service of the reason,” i.e., a service rendered by the reason. Continuing instant in prayer; Distributing to the necessity of saints; When you have told your own necessity to God, then help the necessities of those who come to you. While the argument of the letter to the Romans opened with a preoccupation regarding God’s anger (1:18-32), this section of the letter opens with an embrace of God’s mercies. Cheerfulness is not merely a matter of temperament, but to be cultivated as a duty. .—Let your purposes be such that all men shall recognise their complete integrity. Therefore.—We may well believe that the Apostle having brought his argument up to a climax at the close of the last chapter, would make a pause in his dictation, and perhaps not resume it until another sitting. In the first two verses of the chapter he speaks of this in general terms, but then goes on to give a number of special precepts in no very distinct arrangement or order. The infliction of vengeance is not a sign of strength, but of weakness. All the saints make up one body in Christ, who is the Head of the body, and the common Centre of their unity. We are to dedicate our bodies to God. The injunction in this verse is one of those that have been perhaps most fully carried out in modern times. THE CONTEXT Romans 12:1-8 establishes the foundation upon which 12:9-21 is built. J.B. Phillips has an outstanding and memorable translation of Romans 12:1-2: . Romans 12:12, ESV: "Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer." Romans 12:1. From the detailed description there given, we gather that it was a kind of powerful and inspired preaching which, unlike the gift of tongues, was strictly within the control of the person who possessed it. Yes, ask him to be kind to them. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death. So here, but in a strictly metaphorical sense, it means, “Thou shalt take the best and most summary vengeance upon him.” There may be the underlying idea of awakening in the adversary the pangs of shame and remorse. 1. The idea contained in sacrifice is that of dedication. But all the parts belong to our one body. The best manuscripts are wonderfully free from corruptions of this kind, and even inferior manuscripts admit them to a much smaller extent than might have been expected. 1 Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable (Greek: euareston—well-pleasing) to God, which is your spiritual (Greek: logiken—rational, genuine, true) service (Greek: latreian—service). Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. "Commentary on Romans 12:4". Matthew 5:14-16; 2 Corinthians 8:21.). Acts 9:13; Acts 26:10.) The history of St. Paul himself, which is one of almost constant conflict, shows that this would not always be possible. 1 So I beg you, brothers and sisters, because of the great mercy God has shown us, offer your lives. This should be noted as a point of resemblance between St. Paul and the author of that Epistle, but its strength as an argument for the identity of the two is much diminished by the fact that other marked coincidences are found in the literature of this age, which seem to point to the conclusion that forms of text were current (perhaps confined to a few familiar quotations) of which no direct representations have come down to us. He that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.—A happy combination which is an instance of the Apostle’s fresh and genuine view of human nature. (2) Be not conformed . Perhaps no shorter advice is to be given than “become Christians.”. Are we to take the adjectives “good, and acceptable, and perfect” (with the Authorised version), as in agreement with this phrase, or are they rather in apposition to it, “that we may prove the will of God, that which is good, and acceptable, and perfect”? You will know what is good. The temperament of the Christian is compared to water bubbling and boiling over the flame. Beseech is a Greek word which comes from a root meaning to “call alongside to help”. Do not engage in enterprises of a doubtful character, that might bring not only yourselves but the Christian body into ill repute. . Try to live in a good way so that people will respect you. A Life of Giftedness (vv. 21 Do not let bad things win against you! The sequence is as much one of feeling as of ratiocination. 1. He that giveth.—In this and the following phrases the Apostle passes on from considering the definite functions of the ministry to those which were common to all members of the Church; “giveth” is therefore here to be taken in a wide sense. The fact that this is a persuasive discourse adds more weight to Romans 12. Living the Christian Life. Those people should teach well. The functions of the diaconate are called “serving tables” (i.e., in the literal sense, “providing food” for those who needed it) in Acts 6:2-3, and “helps” in 1 Corinthians 12:28. Be friends with people who are not important. . Viewed individually, they stand to each other in the same sort of relation as the different limbs and organs of the natural body, as foot and hand, or hand and eye. Romans 12:2 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 12:2, NIV: "Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind.Then you will be able to test and approve what God's will is--his good, pleasing and perfect will." Do not be wise in your own estimation. It is, however, essential that the estimate which each man puts upon the strength of his own faith, should be thoroughly single-minded and sincere, nor biased by self-love. It is impossible to convey in good English the emphatic play, so to speak, which each word here has upon another: "not to be high-minded above what he ought to be minded, but so to be minded as to be sober-minded" [CALVIN, ALFORD]. So, again, in the next verse, the “hospitality” of which the Apostle speaks is something more than the ordinary entertainment of friends. If you help your enemies, they will be ashamed. and from the Hebrew, is precisely similar to that in Hebrews 10:30. Romans: Paul's Letter to the Romans; CHARLES ELLICOTT - editor. 2 Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect. Give Your Lives to God. They are: Freedom from death (5:12-21) Freedom from sin (6:1-23) Freedom from a dysfunctional relationship to the law … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 12… The scholar will observe that in this way of taking the passage, the Greek word for “condescend” (sunapagomenoi) has to be a little forced, or at least is not so expressive and natural as in the other. When informed by an evil principle, it becomes an instrument of evil; when informed by the Spirit, it is an instrument of good. It will disarm the enemy, and turn him into a friend. To repress the desire for revenge is to gain a victory over self, which is not only nobler in itself, but will also be much more effectual. (1) At this point the Apostle turns from the speculative, or doctrinal, portion of his Epistle, and begins a series of practical exhortations to his readers as to their lives as Christians. 2 - Why God gave the Bible firstly to the Jews. The institution of this office is described in Acts 6:1-5. If God has helped you to share your things with others, do that seriously. This is brought out with emphatic repetition in the phrase “to be minded unto the being sober-minded,” i.e., to keep sobriety of mind constantly in view as the object or ideal towards which all the thoughts and feelings converge. A. Greek: kai me suschematizesthe to aioni touto, alla metamorphousthe te anakainosei tou noos eis to dokimazein humas ti to thelema tou Theou, to agathon kai euareston kai teleion. 3 God has been kind to me so that I can serve him. The one prevailing impression left on his mind, both by the argument just ended and by the whole previous portion of the Epistle, is a profound sense of the merciful and benevolent purposes of God, who, out of seeming evil, only educes the highest good. 12 Be happy, because you can trust God to do what he says. It would then be very nearly equivalent to the condition above—“according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.” The prophet is to let his utterances be regulated strictly by the degree of faith of which he is conscious in himself. Romans 12:1-5 Not Imitation but Incarnation; Romans 12:6-16 No Room for Envy in the Church; Romans 12:14-21 Dealing With Disagreements; Romans 12:38 Members of the Body; EXPLORE THE BIBLE The Christian is to take the initiative, and show honour or respect to others without waiting for them to show it to him. The “renewed mind,” or the mind acting under the influence of the Spirit, comes very near to “conscience” in the sense in which the word is used by Bishop Butler. It included more especially the distribution of alms and the care of the poor, the sick, widows, etc. “To be conformed to this world” is to act as other men do, heathen who know not God; in opposition to this the Apostle exhorts his readers to undergo that total change which will bring them more into accordance with the will of God. In this verse he deals with the bodies of men, in the next verse with the “mind,” or the intellectual and spiritual faculties. See Romans 1:9, Romans 1:25; Romans 12:1, Galatians 4:8, Galatians 4:9; 1 Thessalonians 1:9; Matthew 6:24. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: ROMANS 12:14-21 14 Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse. And what they lost brought rich blessings to the non-Jewish people. 7 God helps some people to serve others. PRESENT YOUR BODIES A LIVING SACRIFICE. Instead, do good things. Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.