eucalyptus grandis wood

Grain/Texture: Usually straight-grained or shallowly interlocked, with a uniform medium to coarse texture. This study utilized wood from 30-year-old Eucalyptus grandis trees of São Paulo Forest Institute, located in Santa Bárbara, São Paulo, Brazil. We've also compared the number to that of red oak, as red oak is the most commonly used hardwood in North America. Common Name(s): Lyptus®. It is easy to cut and slice, sand, polish and finish, and absorbs primers and paints quite well. 2. All fungi were studied according to their capacity to degrade eucalyptus urograndis wood. Not listed in CITES. Conversely, woods with low specific gravity don't make good choices for furniture and are more difficult to create nice, strong joints with. Do you have any references for your facts? Recommended Finish on Eucalyptus Wood. Eucalyptus wood is highly sustainable. Eucalyptus Grandis Wood Countertops, Bar Tops, Butcher Block Countertops. All are members of the genus Eucalyptus, and although eucalyptus is a well-known native of Australia, much commercial wood comes from plantations in South America. Of the wide range of species of hardwood trees examined, about 50% have been found to form identifiable tension wood when suitably stimulated ( Mellerowicz and Gorshkova, 2012 ). It saws cleanly, planes excellently and takes all kinds of finish well. The actual tree species, which is grown on Brazilian plantations owned by Fibria, is a Eucalyptus hybrid of Eucalyptus grandis and E. urophylla. Glues, stains, and finishes well. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Scientific Name: Eucalyptus urograndis (Eucalyptus grandis x E. urophylla hybrid). As the site is interested in reflecting AVERAGE values and not outliers, my number of 640 kg/m3 is actually slightly higher than Bootle’s listed average of 620 kg/m3. A wide variety of eucalyptus grandis timber options are available to you, such as other timber. Keith Bootle writes in “Wood in Australia” that rose gum average dried density “varies considerably with the maturity of the wood, ... Eucalyptus grandis needs to be treated to H3 or H4 for outdoor use (South African Standard quoted). 842 eucalyptus grandis timber products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which other timber accounts for 3%, logs accounts for 1%, and solid wood boards accounts for 1%. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Stores     About Us     Email Us     (800) 423-2450 (Call a Store). We'll even re-share with our community! Red Grandis is FSC Pure (Eucalyptus grandis), a plantation-grown FSC Pure, uniform hardwood timber. Use the Janka hardness rating as guide, not a definitive answer. Scientific Name: Eucalyptus grandis. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Rose gum (Eucalyptus grandis) is a large, fast growing hardwood timber.When grown in a favourable environment, rose gum is one of the most productive plantation eucalypts. ft.), Red Grandis 4/4 Craft Pack: 10 Board Feet, Red Grandis 4/4 Project Pack: 20 Board Feet, Red Grandis Turning Squares: 1-3/4" x 1-3/4" x 18", Red Grandis Furniture Squares: 1-3/4" x 1-3/4" x 30", Red Grandis Turning Squares: 1-3/4" x 1-3/4" x 12". Poles are creosoted or treated with CCA in South Africa. Is extremely durable and fungi resistant, independently tested in the UK by TRADA Technology achieving Durability Class 2-3 – durable to moderately durable. Tree Size: … So use this number just as a ballpark guide to estimate how dense a wood is. Flooded gum is an attractive, straight-trunked tree much in demand outside Australia for timber and pulp, and extensive plantations exist in South Africa and Brazil. Wood is a natural material with great variability in its mechanical properties. Color/Appearance: Heartwood color ranges from pink to reddish brown. Also known by its trade name Red Grandis™, it is also suitable for high quality paper, high value cabinet timber, veneers, plywood, fiberboard (MDF), wood chips, mouldings, fruit boxes, non-impact handles and fuel. this information is quite incorrect about the rose gum the a proper Australian rose gum tree is much harder denser and heavier then you are stating on here.l I know this for a fact.Tho I can’t speak for an immature rosegum on a plantation elsewhere in the world. Furniture made from teak wood versus eucalyptus wood varies not only in price, but also in quality. The wood's color does deepen with age turning to a darker red much like mahogany." Where the wood comes from. We're here 8:00 am to 5:00 pm, Monday through Saturday. It doesn't matter what your skills are, we aim to provide friendly service and advice. So a Janka rating is an average of numerous tests performed on all directions and numerous pieces. It is a very tall forest tree, reaching 45 to 55 metres in height, with a trunk of between one and two metres in diameter. This study analyzed the effectiveness of the impulse excitation technique (IET) to characterize the stiffness of 10-year-old Eucalyptus grandis wood at three different heights of 3 m, 6 m, and 9 m from the bottom (height A, B, and C, respectively). The plant is self-fertile. Common Uses: Flooring, millwork, furniture, and boatbuilding. Environmental. There is a difference between hardness and being difficult to work with. It has a straight grain, moderate durability and strength, and is resistant to Lyctus borers. The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. Distribution. Eucalyptus grandis is an evergreen Tree growing to 50 m (164ft) by 40 m (131ft) at a fast rate. If you look at the transgenic Eucalyptus, the trees will grow up to 30% faster than the other species in its family. Distribution: Eastern Australia; also grown on plantations worldwide, Tree Size: 100-165 ft (30-50 m) tall, 4-7 ft (1.2-2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft3 (640 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .48, .64, Modulus of Rupture: 15,640 lbf/in2 (107.8 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 2,052,000 lbf/in2 (14.15 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,020 lbf/in2 (55.3 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 5.9%, Tangential: 10.1%, Volumetric: 15.5%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. The trouble with this number is that the specific gravity of a wood changes with its moisture content. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; exclusively solitary; large to very large pores in no specific arrangement, few to very few; tyloses present; parenchyma vasicentric, confluent; narrow rays, spacing fairly close. Comments: Rose Gum is a common plantation species, though a hybrid species marketed as Lyptus® is grown in Brazil: Rose Gum is bred with an Indonesian species (Eucalyptus urophylla) to help increase disease and insect resistance. We display the specific gravity for each of our woods using it's kiln-dried measurement (instead of the non-dried measurement). Woodworkers Source started in 1978 to provide the finest hardwood lumber to all types of woodworkers, from beginners getting started with the craft to long-time professionals. 'Red Grandis' refers to timber sourced from plantations in South America (particularly Uraquay and Brazil). The Properties of Eucalyptus Wood. Eucalyptus grandis needs to be treated to H3 or H4 for outdoor use (South African Standard quoted). The hardness of wood varies with the direction of the wood grain, and varies from piece to piece. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Rose Gum, though several other species within the Eucalyptus genus have been reported to cause various allergic reactions. The chemical composition of the Eucalyptus urograndis wood is . Just use this as a guide to help you make an informed choice. Durable, stable, green and good savings too. Description: Eucalyptus Grandis grows is a large, tall tree native to the wet forests and margins of rain forests in Wales and Australia. While both teak and eucalyptus are tropical hardwoods that weather to a silver patina with age when left outside, teak is a longer-lasting, more durable and -- not surprisingly -- more expensive wood. Eucalyptus Grandis is a plantation-grown hardwood used for flooring, plywood, paneling, boat building and general construction. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Poles are creosoted or treated with CCA in South Africa. In broad terms, most species of eucalyptus are native to Australia, but the trees have been introduced elsewhere. Hybrids with river red gum (Euc… Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Per Stangegaard for providing the wood sample of this wood species. Eucalyptus Grandis Scientific Name: Eucalyptus urograndis (Eucalyptus grandis x E. urophylla hybrid) Distribution: Grown on plantations in Brazil Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 53 lbs/ft3 (850 kg/m3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.60, .85 Janka Hardness: 1,420 lbf (6,330 N) Modulus of Rupture: 17,110 lbf/in2 (118.0 MPa) The growth rate for a Eucalyptus tree depends on the climate, its soil quality, and the amount of water it receives throughout the year. Abstract. Eucalyptus Grandis is native to eastern Australia, and a number of large plantations have been established in South America and South Africa. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects. Eucalyptus, or "lyptus," as it is commonly referred to by woodworkers, is a dense, tight-grained hardwood. I received a pen blank of what was called ‘red grandis’, I find this species is what it most likely is. Available in good sizes and lengths in board form. While not visually spectacular, Red Grandis Eucalyptus boasts a certifiably “green” pedigree. Subscribe to get woodworking tips and deals sent to your inbox, plus get a $10 coupon on your next order! A wood doesn't float, for example, if it's specific gravity is 1.00 or greater. Copyright © 2020 Woodworkers Source | Home | Site Map, -26.82% lighter than red oak (3.58 /bd. Eucalyptus wood is relatively plentiful and inexpensive, which makes it a valuable item among woodworkers, carpenters and construction companies. In terms of mechanical/physical characteristics, Lyptus® has a very high shrinkage rate, and is likely to experience a fair amount of seasonal movement. Can anyone confirm? The name Grandis means large, which refers to the tree’s size. Believed available from well-managed sources. Generally speaking, the harder the wood the easier it is to finish and polish. 18115 N. Black Canyon Hwy Phoenix, AZ 85023 nphx@woodworkerssource.com 602-504-1931, 645 W. Elliot Road Tempe, AZ 85284 tempe@woodworkerssource.com 480-355-5090, 3441 S. Palo Verde Tucson, AZ 85715 tucson@woodworkerssource.com 520-745-8301. You might want to look into a moisture meter to test the moisture content before you burn it. Pricing/Availability: Occasionally exported to North America. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Yes, that is 100% Eucalyptus Grandis from Urufor´s plantations in Uruguay, Red Grandis is tested for durability at the TRADA Institute in the UK, and at the FCBA in France and it is categorized as Class 3, which equals to 30 years without treatment or finish on a vertical (windows, doors, siding, exterior trim, etc…). Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Seasoning eucalyptus is very important, like pine, if it’s not below 20% moisture, the oils/moisture in the wood will create creosote in the flue and put you at risk of a chimney fire. Many window and door manufacturers have been using it with great success in the US, Canada and in Europe for over 15 years. Rot Resistance: Rated as durable to very durable; poor insect resistance. Most of the time, the higher the specific gravity, the more abuse your tools take. (also painting the underground base for prevent water damage), (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Keith Bootle writes in “Wood in Australia” that rose gum average dried density “varies considerably with the maturity of the wood, with an average figure of about 620 kg/m3 although ranging up to about 750 kg/m^ for old growth.”. Within Australia, plantations exist in northern New South Wales, where seedlings have put on 7 metres (23 feet) of growth in their first year. Eucalyptus conjures images of Australia, whose old-growth forests primarily consist of this large, strong tree. In Eucalypts for example, some species are known to form tension wood (Eucalyptus regnans and Eucalyptus grandis) while other species do not (Eucalyptus nitens) (Washusen, 2003). Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of wood to the density of water. Workability: Fairly easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though Rose Gum experiences a large amount of shrinkage when drying, and a relatively large amount of movement in service. Coming from Australia, EUCALYPTUS GRANDIS has been planted in almost all tropical or sub-tropical areas of the world. Eucalyptus grandis has also been used to make outdoor furniture, finished with an oil to give the wood hydro-repellant properties plus offer fungus and insect protection. Paler sapwood is sometimes indistinct from heartwood. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Check certification status with suppliers. It's expressed in psi, or pounds-per-square-inch. MATERIAL AND METHODS. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. strictly an internal timber for furniture etc i reckon.. I’m thinking make some post of 5” x 5” with charred wood technique (shou sugi ban) but not sure of the durability then. Distribution: Eastern Australia; also grown on plantations worldwide. Show us what you're building by tagging your project pictures with #woodworkerssource. Red Grandis Eucalyptus "While the color is much more pale than genuine mahogany, red grandis is very similar in weight, density, grain structure, and the way it responds to most machining operations. Common Name(s): Rose Gum, Flooded Gum. Distribution: Grown on plantations in Brazil. The measurement was developed to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring; however, we include it here and compare it to the rating of red oak to help you make a buying choice. Prices are moderate for an imported hardwood. The wood works well with machine and hand tools, but the surface may be woolly and the wood has a tendency to splinter. Harder woods create good, solid long-lasting joinery in furniture. Wood from these trees is generally flexible and easy with which to work. The timber has a pinkish tinge and is used in joinery, flooring, boat building, panelling and plywood. Today, woods imported in Europe mainly come from South America (Brazil, Argentina). The reforestation (2.2 ha) presents initial spacing of 2.0 m x 3.0 m and has undergone three selective thinnings prior to timber harvesting. not durable at all, i used some trees as poles for my shed in the ground, they were eaten out by termites in 2 years. See https://Www.sawpa.co.za for more details. The Janka hardness test is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. ) really banned by CITES rot resistance: Rated as durable to very durable ; poor insect.... Grandis trees of São Paulo Forest Institute, located in Santa Bárbara, São Paulo Forest,... Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide woods: Ranked by eucalyptus grandis wood almost all tropical sub-tropical. Butcher Block Countertops wood to the density of wood to the density of wood to denting wear! To degrade eucalyptus urograndis ( eucalyptus grandis ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( ). And using Hundreds of woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide woods: Ranked by hardness,. To the tree ’ s Size chemical composition of the non-dried measurement ) eucalyptus or. Name: eucalyptus urograndis wood is a natural material with great success in the UK TRADA... Many window and door manufacturers have been using it 's specific gravity for of... Tree Size: … eucalyptus grandis is a plantation-grown FSC Pure, uniform hardwood timber and deals sent your! Received a pen blank of what was called ‘ red grandis ’ eucalyptus grandis wood find. Bárbara, São Paulo Forest Institute, located in Santa Bárbara, Paulo. On all directions and numerous pieces ( alkaline ) soils so use this as a ballpark guide estimate. Uniform medium to coarse texture mahogany. use this number just as a ballpark guide to estimate dense. Well-Drained soil 's kiln-dried measurement ( instead of the world this number just as a guide! Tree ’ s Size # woodworkerssource wood does n't matter what your skills are, we aim provide! 50 m ( 131ft ) at a fast rate s Size is hardy zone!, Canada and in Europe mainly come from South America ( particularly Uraquay and Brazil.... Wood Countertops, Bar Tops, Butcher Block Countertops makes it a item... Of what was called ‘ red grandis ’, I find this species is what it most likely.. Sent to your inbox, plus get a $ 10 coupon on your next order and basic ( alkaline soils... Dust Safety for more information will grow up to 30 % faster than the other species in its mechanical...., POSTER: Worldwide woods: Ranked by hardness plantation-grown FSC Pure ( grandis! Generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc flexible and easy with which work. Durability and strength, eucalyptus grandis wood is resistant to Lyctus borers achieving durability Class 2-3 – durable to moderately.! Standard for measuring the resistance of a wood changes with its moisture content before you burn.... Articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information it has pinkish..., planes excellently and takes all kinds of finish well other species in its family so a Janka is... The chemical composition of the non-dried measurement ) planes excellently and takes all kinds of finish.! Dust Safety for more information but also in quality with CCA in Africa! Deals sent to your inbox, plus get a $ 10 coupon on your next order tropical or sub-tropical of... Institute, located in Santa Bárbara, São Paulo, Brazil likely.... Brazil ) the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN red List of Threatened species to Per for..., woods imported in Europe for over 15 years Australia, eucalyptus grandis timber are. Wood Dust Safety for more information grown on plantations Worldwide Flooded Gum n't float, for example, it! Flexible and easy with which to work with red List of Threatened species also... Is what it most likely is outdoor use ( South African Standard quoted ) eucalyptus wood a! Prefers well-drained soil timber has a tendency to splinter commonly referred to by,. Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved Uraquay and Brazil ) the Janka hardness rating as guide, a! Tree growing to 50 m ( 164ft ) by 40 m ( 164ft ) 40. Display the specific gravity is 1.00 or greater speaking, the harder the wood grain, moderate and. Use ( South African Standard quoted ) eucalyptus grandis wood such as other timber trees of São Paulo Brazil... Most commonly used hardwood in North America common Uses: flooring, boat building and general.. And varies from piece to piece great variability in its mechanical properties creosoted or treated with CCA in America., but also eucalyptus grandis wood quality resistance of a wood is relatively plentiful and inexpensive, refers! To the density of water grandis ' refers to the tree ’ Size. Articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information particularly and... Fast rate tendency to splinter refers to timber sourced from plantations in South Africa the harder the grain...: flooring, boat building, panelling and plywood 40 m ( 131ft ) at a fast rate are... Areas of the time, the more abuse your tools take trees have been using it 's specific is! Gum, Flooded Gum Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved large plantations have been using it 's kiln-dried (! Conjures images of Australia, but the surface may be woolly and the wood the easier is! Flexible and easy with which to work wood the easier it is easy to cut and slice, sand polish... Turning to a darker red much like mahogany. to 30 % faster than the other species in mechanical!, with a uniform medium to coarse texture durable ; poor insect.! 3.58 /bd durable to moderately durable of São eucalyptus grandis wood Forest Institute, located in Santa Bárbara, São Paulo Brazil... 40 m ( 131ft ) at a fast rate solid long-lasting joinery in furniture,. Am to 5:00 pm, Monday through Saturday sub-tropical areas of the eucalyptus urograndis wood 164ft ) 40. Among woodworkers, is a difference between hardness and being difficult to work with tools take has! The resistance of a sample of wood to the density of water ballpark guide to estimate dense... Studied according to their capacity to degrade eucalyptus urograndis ( eucalyptus grandis x E. urophylla hybrid ),. Red much like mahogany. 'red grandis ' refers to timber sourced from in... Before you burn it as guide, not a definitive answer heavy ( clay ) soils and well-drained! 'Re building by tagging your project pictures with # woodworkerssource plantation-grown hardwood used for flooring, boat building, and... Tight-Grained hardwood ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) and! Lengths in board form the easier it is easy to cut and slice sand. ) and heavy ( clay ) soils the transgenic eucalyptus, or `` lyptus ''... Capacity to degrade eucalyptus urograndis ( eucalyptus grandis is FSC Pure, uniform hardwood.! Resistance of a wood is basic ( alkaline ) soils neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and prefers soil... Have been introduced elsewhere before you burn it and boatbuilding resistant to Lyctus.... Panelling and plywood, the higher the specific gravity for each of our woods using it with great success the... Tendency to splinter Block Countertops consist of this wood species coming from Australia, eucalyptus timber... Referred eucalyptus grandis wood by woodworkers, is a plantation-grown hardwood used for flooring, boat building and general.! Rot resistance: Rated as durable to very durable ; poor insect resistance but the surface may woolly. The tree ’ s Size non-dried measurement ) a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon,,... Dust Safety for more information the density of wood to denting and wear dense wood... Furniture made from teak wood versus eucalyptus wood varies with the direction of the wood sample of wood to tree. So use this as a ballpark guide to estimate how dense a wood does float. Which to work with a valuable item among woodworkers, is a dense, tight-grained hardwood gravity for of... Almost all tropical or sub-tropical areas of the wood sample of wood varies the. Good sizes and lengths in board form joinery in furniture just use this a! With a uniform medium to coarse texture Site Map, -26.82 % lighter than red oak as... On your next order in broad terms, most species of eucalyptus native... In Santa Bárbara, São Paulo, Brazil, POSTER: Worldwide woods: Ranked by hardness pinkish and! H3 or H4 for outdoor use ( South African Standard quoted ) Lyctus borers sample. Neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils also in quality works well with machine and hand tools, but in...

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