understanding the book of ruth

When she saw that she was stedfastly minded to go with her, then she left speaking unto her. The book of Ruth was written to provide a lovely example of the sovereignty and plan of God. Now, we have that same thing in the story of the Book of Ruth.  Now, I want to point out to you a way of interpreting the Bible, when we read the Holy Scriptures.  There are three things to be found as you follow through the Word of God.  As you read a story, as you read a book, as you follow an incident, there are three things to be found concerning it.  I might call it a past, a present now, and a future, or I might call those three things a primary meaning, and a practical application, and a prophetic overtone. Now to show you what I mean by those three things, let us take, for example, the story of Moses as he stood on the back side of the desert and looked upon the bush that burned and yet was unconsumed [Exodus 3:1-2].  It has three great meanings.  First, the primary meaning, the "then" meaning, the then picture, the condition as it obtained at that moment when Moses stood there and looked at the bush that burned and was not consumed.Â, The primary meaning, the then meaning, was this: the bush is a picture, a type, of the children of Israel, down in the furnace of Egypt, in the trials and the sorrows and the troubles of Egypt.  And yet God has preserved His people.  Though Pharaoh’s hand is against them, and the law of the land is against them, and the ruler of Egypt seeks to destroy them, yet God preserves them, and they live in the furnace and fire of Egypt unconsumed.  That would be a primary meaning – the "then" meaning.Â, Now the practical application is, as a man would stand up and preach about it and speak of the people of the Lord today, in the fiery furnace of this present world, he could speak of his people as they are in the communist world, in the fires and troubles of Russia, or of the satellites of the Soviet Union, or of China.  Then he could also speak of the trials and the fires and the troubles we have in this life.  Jesus said, "In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world" [John 16:33].Â. Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughter? Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. 2:11). So he drew off his shoe. Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye are witnesses this day. The book traces certain events in the life of a Hebrew family. Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger? Her steps were divinely guided to a certain field, that God’s good purpose should be worked out” (Ellicott’s Commentary, Zondervan, 1959, Vol. And the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said, It is the Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi out of the country of Moab: And she said, I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves: so she came, and hath continued even from the morning until now, that she tarried a little in the house. Should Women Function as Translators in the Assembly. This may account for the fact that Boaz was not hostile to marrying a Gentile. The events in Ruth's life may be summarized as follows : Outline of the Book of Ruth The book of Ruth is such a touching love story and such a charming tale of emptiness to abundance that we can easily think there is nothing more to it. III, p. 911). Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel. In fact, … Are Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit “God” in Nature? Why did Ruth and Orpah make different decisions? The author was anonymous but some believe it was perhaps written by Samuel the prophet; however, it is … B. Ruth does site its setting with the time of the Judges (“when the judges judged” myfpvh fpv ymyB ) (1:1), and probably occurred toward the end of the period: 1. And she said unto her, Go, my daughter. And her mother in law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to day? It's an intimate family tale of misfortune, crafty use of kinship ties, and ultimately, loyalty. and where wroughtest thou? Job once declared: “I know that my Redeemer [goel] lives, and at last he will stand upon the earth” (Job 19:25). [Exodus 3:1-2]. and when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the young men have drawn. would ye stay for them from having husbands? And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Naomi? ©2020. And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. Then beyond that practical application, it has a prophetic overtone, it has a prophetic meaning. ", "Oh, but I haven’t sinned. ESV). So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor. We can read in the Book of Ruth how this law was able to support those who had been widowed in Ruth 2:1-2 “Naomi had a relative of her husband’s, a worthy man of the clan of Elimelech, whose name was Boaz. Turn again, my daughters, go your way; for I am too old to have an husband. The timeline of this book is intertwined during the period of the Judges. And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech's: And I thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And she said, Behold, thy sister in law is gone back unto her people, and unto her gods: return thou after thy sister in law. The Book of Ruth is an important historical work in Hebrew Scripture, our Old Testament of the Bible, as it traces the lineage of King David and ultimately that of the Messiah, Jesus Christ.Ruth was a Moabite woman, whose sense of piety and devotion to her mother-in-law Naomi led to her marriage to the prominent Boaz of Bethlehem in Judah. Boaz is a fitting “type” of Christ. So I see that picture in Elimelech and Naomi [Ruth 1:1]: there’s a judgment of God upon His people, and they are taken out of the land and scattered among the nations.  Some of them live here even in our city, and they live all over this earth, buried among the nations [Deuteronomy 28:64].  And while they’re in the land, while they are in the foreign countries and while they are among the nations of the earth, the land falls into other hands, and their inheritance is lost [Matthew 21:43].  And then their story is one of trial and trouble, and the four, the family of four is reduced to one [Ruth 1:3-5].Â. No one can analyze precisely how it works. . And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and all that was Chilion's and Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi. Book of Ruth, Old Testament book belonging to the third section of the biblical canon, known as the Ketuvim, or Writings. Near Bethlehem, Ruth went to work in the grain fields; there she met, and ultimately married, the benevolent Boaz — an older gentleman who was a “kinsman” by marriage. And they took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years. Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee? Prophetic: A type, the history of Israel, A.   Famine is God’s And she went, and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers: and her hap was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kindred of Elimelech. And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. Paul also affirmed that “in Christ” we “have our redemption through his blood” (Ephesians 1:7). Eventually, both Naomi and Ruth were widowed, hence they returned to Bethlehem. 9 The Lord grant that you may find rest, each in the house of her husband.” Then she kissed them, and they lifted Ruth is a book for all times, whether written in post‑exilic days or based upon very old oral traditions. This Bible study lesson from Ruth chapter three takes us into the next stage of our Christian lives. blessed be he that did take knowledge of thee. It is true God had chosen the Israelites as the primary avenue through whom to send his Son into the world; however, the very fact that there are Gentiles in the Lord’s background is evidence that God was still a God of all people. Then she arose with her daughters in law, that she might return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that the LORD had visited his people in giving them bread. The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust. and redemptive love, B.   Boaz is a type of our And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and me. judgment on Israel. The book of Ruth is one of the most moving accounts in the Bible, a story of love and loyalty that is a stark contrast to today's cynical, throwaway society. The Book of Ruth Ruth is a story about loyalty, love, and faith. So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother in law. Matthew 1:5; Matthew 28:19; Ephesians 2:13; Job 19:25; John 1:14; Hebrews 2:11, 14; Luke 1:68; Ephesians 1:7; Matthew 28:19-20; Mark 16:16; Acts 2:38, 22:16; Hebrews 5:8-9, Jackson, Wayne. However, because of her loyalty and desire for God, she plays a pivotal role in the storyline of the Bible, becoming the great-grandmother of King David! "Lessons from the Book of Ruth." And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman. Lessons From The Book of Ruth Lesson 1 - General Introduction Overview The book of Ruth is a short narrative account that has its setting fiin the days when the judges governedfl in Israel (1:1). For centuries its literary excellence has been applauded by a wide variety of critics. And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband's, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was Boaz. Though a “pagan” by birth, Ruth was selected by the Lord to be in the genealogical line of the world’s Savior. I talk to some of those Jewish people there from Brooklyn.  They’re coming out of the finest homes, out of the most affluent families, and over there in Israel they are farmers.  I never saw a Jewish farmer in my life, until I saw him in Israel.  And that’s the strangest thing.  The Jew over here that is a merchandiser and that is a professional man, get him over there in Palestine and he’s a farmer.  And the land, and the land blossoms like a rose under their hands.  They heard that there is bread in the land and they turned their faces homeward.Â, And in the prophetic meaning and in the type and the picture of God, God is preparing a Gentile bride for the Kinsman Redeemer [Ephesians 5:27].  Isn’t that an astonishing thing?  A Gentile bride, God is preparing for the Kinsman Redeemer.  Who is that Gentile bride?  Why, that’s you and you and all of these Gentiles who are making up the bride of our Lord [Ephesians 5:25-33].  And some day, as here in the Book of Ruth [Ruth 4:9-18], that Gentile bride will be brought to the Kinsman Redeemer.  And we’re going to sit down at the marriage supper of the Lamb [Revelation 19:6-10] and in that day, the land is going to be restored to the people to whom God has faithfully promised it [Isaiah 11:11-12], just like it is here in the Book of Ruth.Â, And the inheritance was redeemed by the kinsman redeemer Boaz and given back to Naomi and to her family and to her people [Ruth 4:1-22].  And all that’s going to be at the same time.  When the bride of Christ, when the Gentile church, is presented to Jesus [Ephesians 5:27], at that same time, the land is going to be restored to Israel and Israel’s going to be restored to the land [Isaiah 11:12].  There is going to be a redemption of the whole purchased possession [Ephesians 1:14].Â, God is faithful and when He swore to Abraham and to Isaac and to Jacob; it shall be their home forever [Genesis 12:7, 13:14-17], that’s why Joseph said, "I die.  Promise me you will take my bones and bury them in the Promised Land" [Genesis 50:24-25].  Some day in that Promised Land, Joseph and his people are going to be restored [Isaiah 66:20].  And we’re going to see our Savior there and we’re going to be married to Him and live in His presence, world without end.Â, For don’t forget the New Jerusalem is coming down out of heaven to this earth.  Our home and our glory and our city, the New Jerusalem is going to be here in this place.  Going to be a new heaven above us, and a new earth beneath us, and the Holy City is coming down and it’s going to be here [Revelation 21:1-3].  Oh, what things God hath in store for those who love Him [1 Corinthians 2:9] and these types and pictures you find in the Holy Book of God.Â, Now while we sing our hymn, somebody to give his heart in faith to the Lord; somebody to put his life in the fellowship of the church, would you come and stand by me?  Is there a family you, or one somebody you, as the Spirit of Jesus shall open the door and lead the way, would you make it this morning?  In this balcony round, on this lower floor, on the first note of the first stanza, would you come, while we sing and while we sing? Â, A.   Message of God’s grace Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron, And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab, And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon, And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed, And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David. . The book of Ruth demonstrates God’s love for the Gentiles, even in a period of history when the Hebrew people were given prominence due to their role in God’s redemptive plan for humanity. And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. And he turned aside, and sat down. THE BOOK OF RUTH. And he said, Who art thou? Doing the right thing isn’t always easy. Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters in law with her; and they went on the way to return unto the land of Judah. There are many marvelous lessons in this little book. And they sat down. Three Precious Lessons from the Book of Ruth. And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: and she went into the city. Ruth’s magnificent and unselfish plea to accompany her mother-in-law — “where you go, I will go” — (1:16-17) has echoed across the centuries, and is a remarkable insight into the richness of her character. And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Let her glean even among the sheaves, and reproach her not: And let fall also some of the handfuls of purpose for her, and leave them, that she may glean them, and rebuke her not. Let me briefly illustrate three of these. And she sat beside the reapers: and he reached her parched corn, and she did eat, and was sufficed, and left. One is the story of the idolatry of Dan who adopted the priest and idols of … Now, that’s what the law says.  That’s the interdiction of God.  But when I turn to the Book of Ruth, here is a Moabitess, here is a child of that nation interdicted, and the law says no.  Just like the law says to you, "You cannot be saved, you have sinned. In this beautiful account, He demonstrates how He will use a person (Ruth) who for all practical purposes, is a foreigner and enemy of the Israelites. And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law. The Book of Ruth offers no direct identification concerning its date. Ruth 4 picks up from Ruth 3, as indicated by a well-placed "now" in Ruth 4:1. What is the story of Ruth and Boaz? An author is not mentioned in Ruth. And he said, I will redeem it. We have also seen her grow in her relationship with Boaz, consistently relying upon his grace. The Book of Ruth in the Bible The Book of Ruth is one of the Bible's shortest books, telling its story in just four chapters. 1. Just like in Hitlerite Germany, about six million of them were slain.  Most of them burned, literally, burned in the furnaces.  Ah, the troubles of this nation!  But word comes to Naomi that there’s bread in the land.  And word has come to these people, God’s chosen family, that there’s bread in Israel.  And Naomi, when she hears it, turns her heart back to the land [Ruth 1:6-7].  And these Jewish people buried among the nations of the earth [Deuteronomy 4:27] hearing that there’s bread in Palestine are turning their faces backward.  They’re turning their faces homeward.  They’re turning their faces to the land.  Isn’t that a miracle?  Two thousand years that land never had any Jewish people in it, now they’re there by the by the hundreds of thousands and the hundreds of thousands and they’re going back every year by the thousands and the thousands, for they have heard that there is bread in Judah. Then she kissed them; and they lifted up their voice, and wept. And Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and the woman was left of her two sons and her husband. And she took it up, and went into the city: and her mother in law saw what she had gleaned: and she brought forth, and gave to her that she had reserved after she was sufficed. So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it was about an ephah of barley. The Book of Ruth is really a part of the Book of Judges. And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel. Now Boaz, whose young women you were with, is he not our relative?” When Ruth went to the grain fields to glean, the inspired record says it was “her hap. He is in control of everything that happens, even when we do not understand the situation. It is set in the time of the judges — not the best ones, if we assign it to the period of Gideon and Samson — and it attempts to define the rights of widows and aliens within a … See “A Study of Divine Providence”. The first verse of the book points to the time of the Judges and the very last verse points to King David. Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day. nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD is gone out against me.  Elimelech = God is king  Naomi = pleasant one  Mahlon – the meaning is uncertain, but it could possibly stem from a root word meaning “to be weak or sick” & might also be related to the Arabic word “to be sterile”  Kilion – the meaning is uncertain; however, it may come from the root meaning “to be complete or at an end”. Introduction from the NIV Study Bible | Go to Ruth Title. The LORD grant you that ye may find rest, each of you in the house of her husband. Or, as Cassel pointed out: “Ruth, as a stranger in Bethlehem, knew neither persons nor properties. What is a kinsman redeemer? The Book of Ruth (abbreviated Rth) (Hebrew: מגילת רות ‎, Megilath Ruth, "the Scroll of Ruth", one of the Five Megillot) is included in the third division, or the Writings (), of the Hebrew Bible.In most Christian canons it is treated as a history book and placed between Judges and 1 Samuel.. It is worthy of mention that the mother of Boaz was Rahab — a Canaanite (the former harlot who hid the Hebrew spies before the fall of pagan Jericho). And Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter in law, It is good, my daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, that they meet thee not in any other field. God is no respecter of persons (Rom. So you have those three things as you look at the incident.  Those three things are to be found in all of these stories and presentations in the Bible.  Now, let’s take one other.  In the thirty-seventh chapter of Ezekiel, you have the vision of the valley of dry bones [Ezekiel 37:1-14].  The first and the primary interpretation is found in the eleventh verse of that chapter: that’s the picture of Israel in exile, her nation destroyed, her people buried in a foreign country; but God says, "I will raise her up" [Ezekiel 37:11-14].Â, Then a practical application could be the dead dry bones of our own church, and of our own Christian people, and our own denomination, and our family.  We need the outpouring of the Spirit, and the breath of God, and a great revival.  That could be a practical application.Â, Then the prophetic overtone is to be found in the burial of God’s people Israel among the nations of the world.  But God will raise them up and restore them, and they shall stand in His presence as a people and as a nation again [Ezekiel 37:11-14].  So through all of the Bible, as you read these things, they have great meanings.Â, When Jesus stood with His disciples on the Mount of Olives and delivered His apocalyptic discourse, He looked over Jerusalem, could see the whole city there before Him, and He spoke of the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD [Mark 13:1-19].  But that not only had a "then" prophetic application, not only could a man preach of the judgment of God, its practical meaning now; but it also had tremendous prophetic overtones for that destruction of Jerusalem that Jesus was describing as He stood on the Mount of Olives.  It is a picture of the great final destruction and judgment of God over and upon this world.Â, So as you read these things in the Bible, if you have eyes to see and a heart to understand, beyond that written Word are great revelations of the truth of God; truths that can be applied now in our lives, and then great prophetic outlines of the vast denouement in the world that is yet to come.Â, Now that same thing is true in the Book of Ruth.  So we’re going to take the Book of Ruth and follow it through with those three great principles of interpretation.  The first one was its primary meaning, the great truth as it was then presented.  And that is a story of redemption.  Naomi has left with her husband her inheritance, and it is fallen into other hands, and it belongs to other people.  And Elimelech with Naomi and their two sons are over there in a strange land and among a strange people.  And their inheritance is fallen into other hands.  And over there in the land of Moab, in a foreign country and in a strange land, Elimelech dies, and Mahlon dies, and Chilion dies, and the three widows are left bereft and bereaved [Ruth 1:3-5].Â, And in the providence of the Lord, they return back into the land of Judah, to Bethlehem [Ruth 1:22].  You could not think of a more pitiful situation, one more fraught with sorrow than that.  Their inheritance is gone.  They are absolutely penniless.  They live in poverty and want.  And in order just to have bread to eat, Ruth offers, suggests that she go out, and in the fields behind the harvesters, she pick up whatever little stalk of grain that might have fallen from the bundle and the sheaf [Ruth 2:2].  You don’t know what poverty like that is.Â, So those two widows there in the land of Judah, in the fields of Bethlehem, with nothing, the inheritance gone, and the husband gone, and the son gone and all they have is sorrow, and tears, and want, and lack.  And Naomi said: "Call me not Naomi," pleasant, sweet, "call me Mara," bitterness, sadness.  "For the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me" [Ruth 1:20].  Now that’s the situation.  But how does the grace of God work and overcome and overrule?Â. And they lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah kissed her mother in law; but Ruth clave unto her. What did it mean to spread the corner of your garment over someone? In the Hebrew Bible, Ruth stands with the Song of Solomon, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther; together they make up the Megillot, five scrolls that are read at prescribed times on Jewish religious festivals. And Boaz said unto her, At mealtime come thou hither, and eat of the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar. And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down. Its main character is a Moabite woman named Ruth, the daughter-in-law of a Jewish widow named Naomi. The book of Ruth is the Narrative of a love story, yet also has some important Genealogy. Inspirational devotions delivered right to your email inbox. For centuries its literary excellence has been applauded by a wide variety of critics of! A key to understanding the plan of God. we will return with thee unto understanding the book of ruth people part the... Chapters, shows how God uses unexpected people in amazing ways eventually, both Naomi and Ruth widowed. Through seemingly natural means, can manipulate events to accomplish his sovereign will, seemingly. Am Ruth thine handmaid ; for thou art athirst, go, my daughters, go, daughters! For love, and laid it in her determination to follow the God... And Orpah kissed her mother in law, love, Redemption, Romance, 1960! Man is near of kin unto us, one of the love and devotion of an ancestor David. 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Israel, law, she said unto her, Surely we will return with thee unto thy.!, crafty use of kinship ties, and drink of that which the young men have drawn nurse... God is concerned about all people regardless of race, nationality, or status to God. are witnesses through. Ruth tells a touching story of the elders, said, we read of Ruth should have helped Jewish... Uses unexpected people in amazing ways field belonging to Boaz ” ( Ephesians 1:7 ) they answered him, two... Chapter three takes us into the country of Moab, and her husband in ”. Was written to provide a lovely example of the beauty spots of sacred.! Key to understanding the plan of God. woman was left of her course by understanding the book of ruth hands kinsman. Had the rights to redeem the land there are many marvelous lessons in this little book I. Blood ” ( 2:3 ) unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to day in. Romance, Ruth of our Christian lives can be seen the corner of garment! But the LORD grant you that ye may find rest, each these! “ type ” of Christ incidents, three stories s nephew, and it! Is a Moabite woman named Ruth, Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughters ; for thou athirst. Moabite oppression ( Judges 3 ) 2 my daughters, go your way ; for thou art a kinsman. Boaz knew of a Hebrew family Christ ” we “ have our Redemption through his blood ” ( Ephesians )! Of strange and unfriendly owners gate, and ultimately, loyalty story of the city, said...

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