who was 1 samuel written to

First Chronicles 29:29 notes that Samuel, along with Nathan and Gad, recorded the “acts of King David.” Evidence in the writing suggests that the books of 1 and 2 Samuel were compiled by someone from the prophetic school who used documents from Samuel, Nathan, and Gad.1. The purpose of 1 Samuel is to highlight two major events: the establishment of the monarchy in Israel (chs. I also receive Insight [for Today] daily. Only the God-given way of approaching him through sacrifice can prepare humans to come closer to God. The work comes to the reader as an anonymous writing, i.e., the human author speaks for the Lord … This history validates David’s house as the legitimate rulers of Israel. It was written at about 930 B.C. Learning Activity: Re-enact the scene of God calling Samuel. 1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite: 2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. However, Samuel may have written, and he certainly supplied, the information for 1 Samuel 1:1–24:22, which is a biography of his life and career up to his death. In our English Bibles the book called Samuel is divided into two parts: 1 Samuel, with 31 chapters, and 2 Samuel, with 24 chapters. The reference to the kings of Judah in 1 Samuel 27:6 could Learning Goal: Students will learn that God’s light is seen in the lives of people who obey Him. The story of the rise of David in the second half of 1 Samuel prepares for the full-scale kingship of David in 2 Samuel. Other kingdoms, such as Tyre and Hamath, established treaties with him. First Samuel focuses on the establishment of that monarchy. Samuel’s role as God’s representative in this period of Israel’s history is close to that of Moses (see Ps 99:6; Jer 15:1) since he, more than any other person, provided for covenant continuity in the transition from the rule of the judges to that of the monarchy. David expanded Israel’s borders from Saul’s smaller territory. The events that happen in 1 Samuel took place over a period of about 110 years, stretching from the closing days of the judges, when Samuel was born (ca. I am a pastor in Kenya. This should encourage believers to put their faith in the one who is sovereign over the entire creation. David then reigned until 971. Saul, the first king, though “head and shoulders above the rest” did not have a righteous heart, and his line was destined never to inherit the crown (9:1–15:35). The book of 2 Samuel recounts David’s reign over Israel and his battles to establish Israel as the dominant power in Syria and Palestine. Providence: God repeatedly made everyday events work for His purposes. Traditionally, Samuel played some role in writing the narrative … A poem near the start of the book reveals the book's key themes: God’s opposition to the proud, exultation of the humble, faithfulness in spite of evil, and the promise of a messianic king. Listen to Chuck Swindoll’s overview of First Samuel in his audio message from the Classic series God’s Masterwork. First Samuel chronicles the beginning of Israel’s monarchy, following the lives of the prophet Samuel, the ill-fated King Saul, and God’s ultimate choice of David as king. Tradition records Samuel as the primary author, but not the only one. By the end of his reign, David controlled all of Israel, Edom, Moab, Ammon, Syria, and Zobah. It opens with Samuel’s birth and then describes his role as judge over Israel. . It was likely completed by both Samuel and other godly leaders of Israel who served through the end of book's events. When the people ask for a king, the Lord instructs Samuel to anoint Saul as Israel’s first king. God raises up David to be king of Israel (1 Sa 16–20). Again, Jewish tradition says that Samuel wrote them; but that seems very unlikely since his death is recorded in the books as well as events which took place long after his death… “To obey is better than sacrifice,” Samuel told Saul (1 Samuel 15:22). Several themes feature prominently. Thought the written records of these 3 prophets could have been used for information (in the writing of 1 and 2 Samuel), the human author of these books is unknown. What it is now commonly known as 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel are called by the Vulgate, in imitation of the Septuagint, 1 Kings and 2 Kings, respectively. Therefore, obedience to God’s word is of prime importance. Nevertheless, there is also evidence that the books of Samuel were written after the death of Solomon (cf. I. Samuel (1 Samuel 1:1-7:17) First Samuel begins with the rise of Samuel the prophet and the fall of the house of Eli the priest. He will accomplish His purposes with or without our cooperation. Later, in 2 Samuel 7, God promises David and his house an eternal dynasty. Key personalities include Eli, Hannah, Samuel, Saul, Jonathan, and David. 27:6) d. Johnson writes, “The books of Samuel were composed after the death of David from court records, eyewitness accounts, and the writings of the prophets Samuel… Many of the most important lessons in 1 Samuel become clear when we compare Saul’s life with David’s life: (1) The life of Saul. As was the case with the books of Judges, we do not know the author of the books of Samuel. Israel demands a king: Saul (1 Sa 8–15). Under Saul, Israel was more than a loose confederation that gathered together whenever there was a common threat, but there was no strong central rule such as existed later. The central theme of the books of Samuel is how the Lord (1) established a dynasty (“house”) in Israel for David rather than Saul and (2) how he chose Jerusalem as the place where David’s successor would establish the temple (“house”) for the worship of the divine King Yahweh. He used Hannah’s contentious relationship with Peninnah (1 Samuel 1:1–28), led Saul to Samuel during Saul’s search for lost donkeys (9:1–27), and caused David to learn of Goliath while taking food to his brothers (17:1–58). 3 There is no speech, nor are there words, 1120 BC) through the death of Saul (1011 BC). Based on … Will we obey Him as Samuel and David did and live lives marked by blessing? The Birth of Samuel. Its three main characters, Samuel the prophet, Saul, and David are among the most powerful people in the Bible, yet their lives were scarred by far-reaching mistakes. 8–12); and the rise of David to be king after Saul (chs. I use all as my study material. Most conservative scholars believe the book was written sometime either during King Solomon’s reign (around 950 B.C.) God appointed Saul to rule Israel (10:1) … What is impossible for humans is possible for God. 15–16), though Saul stayed on the throne until his death at Mount Gilboa (ch. Reversal of human fortune: Hannah’s barrenness gave way to children (1 Samuel 1:1–28; 2:21); Samuel became prophet instead of Eli’s sons (2:12; 3:13); Saul rose to prominence though he was from a lowly tribe; and David was anointed king though he was the youngest son (16:1–13). This summary of the book of 1 Samuel provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of 1 Samuel. 1 and 2 Samuel were originally one book (see Introduction to 1 Samuel… Title. Discover more resources related to First Samuel. or perhaps after the kingdom divided in 931 B.C. The book concludes with Saul’s death (31:1–13), which serves as a natural dividing marker between 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel. The events continue long after the death of Samuel (1 Samuel 25:1). God instructed Samuel to anoint David, the youngest son of Jesse of Bethlehem, as the next king (16:1–13). Survey of 1 Samuel Book Type: Book of History; the ninth book of the Old Testament; the ninth book of the Bible. … Kingship: As the divine King, God designated a human vice-regent, David, to rule over His people. Together, 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the Hebrew Bible. David thus becomes the prototype of the future Messiah, Jesus Christ. Date of Writing: Originally, the books of 1 and 2 Samuel were one book. We know that Samuel wrote a book (1 Samuel 10:25), and it is very possible that he wrote part of this book as well. 1 and 2 Samuel were originally one book. First Samuel is set in the land of Israel, where the Hebrews invaded and settled (see Joshua). These books recount the stories of Samuel, Saul, and David. Samuel is a figure who, in the narratives of the Hebrew Bible, plays a key role in the transition from the period of the biblical judges to the institution of a kingdom under Saul, and again in the transition from Saul to David.He is venerated as a prophet by Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Samuel is the author of 1 Samuel until his death in the twenty-fifth chapter. The Rise and Fall of Saul. Then, what are now commonly known as 1 Kings and 2 Kings would be 3 Kings and 4 Kings in old Bibles before the year 1516. 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