romans 9:10 commentary

Scripture: Romans 9:24–10:1. Here’s what the New American Commentary states: “R. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. Font Size. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-9.html. Schmid, Semler, Ch. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/romans-9.html. 23, see Valck. In the choice between Jacob and Esau, there is no room for any such supposition. II. These words introduce a second proof from history, namely, the case of Rebecca and her two sons, one of whom was chosen. In the previous instance the two children were of two mothers; here the children were twins, having the same father and mother, and yet of such a different destiny. "E.W. SEARCH. Commentary on Romans by John Calvin. This is the kind of salvation Paul is referring to in Romans 1:16. WHAT ABOUT ROMANS 10:9-10? But when Rebecca] She, and not Isaac, is named, because she received the oracle, whether from the mouth of Melchisedec or some other way, I have not to determine. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". It is only the semblance of an objection against our view, that not Sarah, but Abraham, received the word of promise, Romans 9:9; for Sarah was, by the nature of the case, and also according to the representation of Genesis, the co-recipient of the promise, and was mixed up in the conversation of God with Abraham in reference to it (Genesis 18:13-15); so that Paul, without incurring the charge of contradicting history, might have no scruple in stating the contrast as between the mothers, as he has done. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/romans-9.html. Some might object that Ishmael was not a true Jew. However, not every person born to Israel belongs to Israel, he writes. God's sovereign act of choice between Rebekah's twins took place before their birth; but God's decision was absolutely not capricious. In the light of such knowledge, could God have chosen the weaker? 1599-1645. ἐξ ἑνὸς κοίτην ἔχουσα] Who had cohabitation of one (man), the effect of which was the conception of the twin children. Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. "Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews". Comp. 10 And not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac . Isaac was the first son or seed of promise: and a difference was made in the children of the very first seed. Others find a broken construction, ‘Rebecca’ being re-introduced in Romans 9:12 : ‘unto her.’ Accepting the latter view, we place a dash at the end of this verse. Jacob and Esau, as individuals, were not the principal concern of the election, but the nations which they would produce. Rather, Paul is explaining a text from the Old Testament that mentions the mouth and the heart. Commentary on Romans 12:9-21 View Bible Text . Romans 9:10 (New American Standard Bible) A.F.V A.S.V. Paul had already pointed out that God "foreknew" all people; and that foreknowledge on the part of God is revealed in the above citation from Genesis to have been the reasonable and righteous basis of God's election of Jacob. Commentary on this … To avoid misapprehending this, however, it is necessary to keep the Apostle’s purpose in view. This means that we will not suffer punishment from God for our *sin. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. But a dramatic new factor was involved in the separation of Esau and his descendants from the recognized posterity of Abraham. BibliographyDunagan, Mark. Brown, a Roman Catholic, is quite correct in his critique of writers on Mariology who have argued that Mary’s so-called persistence resulted in Jesus’ subsequent action. The Bible says in Romans 10:9-10: “[9] That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. Romans 10:9-10. The issue is genuine faith. God Is Totally Free to Save You. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. And not only this This instance of Ishmael and Isaac, is not the only one, proving that Abraham's natural seed, the children of the flesh, are not all children, the children of God: but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac, It cannot mean that the election was decided without any regard to deeds they would perform in the future, which deeds were truly foreknown of God and plainly formed the righteous basis of the election. These assumptions are compounded by the over familiarity of the verses. We have become God’s friends, although we used to be his enemies. It is not of works, but of Him Who effectually calls men. He does so by showing that there has always been a distinction, among the descendants of the patriarchs, between those who have merely the natural connection to boast of, and those who are the Israel of God; and, as against Jewish pretensions, he shows at the same time that this distinction can be traced to nothing but God’s sovereignty. The confession of the mouth (of high essential importance for the relations of every time, and peculiarly of that time!) He has therefore the right to cast off the Jews. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/romans-9.html. For New King James text and comment, click here. But it did and so Christ was raised from the dead demonstrating His perfect sacrifice. ἡμῶν is not without a significant bearing on the argument, inasmuch as it contributes to make us feel the independence of the determination of the divine will on the theocratic descent, however legitimate. [10] For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is … Before discussing the doctrine of election, as it is called, which surfaces in these verses, it is important to note exactly what the Lord said with reference to the election of Jacob in preference to Esau. Before studying the purpose of God according to election [Rom 9:11] we will make a running commentary on Rom 9:10-33. First, two DIFFERENT kinds of people were about to be launched into the stream of history, one weak, the other STRONGER. So Calvin: “ubi mentionem gloriæ Dei audis, illic justitiam cogita”. Study Notes on Romans Page #6 Introductory Thoughts about Commentaries Only the Scriptures provide an infallible, authoritatively inspired revelation of God’s will for man (2 Timothy 3:16,17). 7-9) to answer an objection that came out of the previous illustration. Read Introduction to Romans 9 that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. Scripture: Romans 9:30–10:4. The strictness of the law showed men their need of salvation by grace, through faith. also Hofmann, who however thinks any completing supplement useless), but σάῤῥα; and moreover, not indeed the definite λόγον ἐπαγγελίας εἶχεν or ἐπηγγελμένη ἦν (Vatablus, Fritzsche, Winer, Krehl, Baumgarten-Crusius), but the more general λόγον or ῥῆμα θεοῦ εἶχεν, which is suitable to the subsequent ἐῤῥέθη, as well as to the contents of the sayings adduced in Romans 9:12-13 : “But not only had Sarah a saying of God, but also Rebecca, etc.” We must therefore throw aside the manifold arbitrary supplements suggested, some of which are inconsistent with the construction, not suiting the nominative ῥεβ., as e.g. But the argument can be made more decisive. If hatred be taken in the strictest sense, the God is said to hate Esau, that is, the Edomites, after their wicked and unnatural behaviour towards their brethren the Israelites; and upon that occaion see For thy violence against thy brother, Jacob, shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever Obadiah 1:10. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". 1840-57. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Romans 9:10. Believing this is how you are justified. Again, it appears that Job and all his friends were of the posterity of Esau: God did not then hate the person of all the posterity of Esau, but only those of them who by their violence and wickedness rendered themselves the object of his hatred. It is hence clear, that the fulfilment of the promise does not take place in all the children of the flesh indiscriminately. Isaac was the father of Rebecca's twin sons. p. 347. A list of the best commentaries on Romans ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. Book Notes Barnes' Book Notes Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Book Notes Robertson's Book Notes (NT) Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) … ἀλλὰ καὶ ῥεβέκκα: the sentence thus begun is never finished, but the sense is continued in Romans 9:12. ἰσαὰκ τοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν: Paul speaks here out of his own consciousness as a Jew, addressing himself to a problem which greatly exercised other Jews; and calls Isaac “father” as the person from whom the inheritance was to come. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Romans 10:9–10 9 because, if m you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and n believe in your heart o that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. Used by Permission. It is the sovereignty of God, and God is not exlex; He is a law to Himself—a law all love and holiness and truth—in all His purposes towards men. And though the preference which God gave to Jacob was literally true, as to temporal benefits; yet St. Augustine observes in divers places, that Jacob was a figure of the elect or predestinate, and Esau of the reprobate; and that as Jacob and his posterity was more favoured, purely by the mercy of God, without any merits on their side; so are God's elect, whom he has called, and to whom, according to his eternal purpose, he decreed to give eternal glory, and special graces to bring them thither. Commentators on both sides seem to us to have overlooked the fact that the him that willeth and him that runneth signify not the suppliant or candidate before Jehovah for his mercy, but an intermediate third person (like Moses) between Jehovah and the suppliant. This election was never intended solely as a birthright, automatically inherited by the children of Jewish parents. Med. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/romans-9.html. Romans 10:9–10 9 because, if m you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and n believe in your heart o that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. A list of the best commentaries on Romans ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. And not only this, but there was Rebekah also, when she had conceived twins by one man, our father Isaac; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, For thy violence against thy brother, Jacob, shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. 1999-2014. We may add that ἰς. Reading through the passage we will comment on what certain of the verses say rather than what they are presumed to say by those who don’t believe what they say. But God raised Jesus to live. And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; And that God's blessing does not belong to all the descendants of Abraham, appears not only by this instance, but by that of Esau and Jacob, who was chosen to inherit the blessing, before either of them had done good or evil. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/romans-9.html. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Barnab. By metonymy with cause for the effect we have this peculiar idiom (κοιτη — koitē being bed, marriage bed), “having a marriage bed from one” husband. They try to do good works, be nice people, or keep commandments in order to gain God’s pleasure. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Romans 9:10". There was a separation in the immediate family of Abraham when Ishmael was cut off, and there was another separation in Isaac's immediate family when the Edomites (children of Esau) were cut off. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/romans-9.html. We have become God’s friends, although we used to be his enemies. Involves confessing Jesus and believing in His resurrection (9-10) c. Offered to all who believe and call on Him (11-13) d. Accomplished through the medium of preaching (14-15) II. Hence, because τῇ σάῤῥᾳ precedes, and with ἀλλὰ καί another mother’s name is introduced, we must supply, as subject, not Abraham (Augustine, Beza, Calvin, Reithmayr, van Hengel; comp. NOT ALL OBEYED THE GOSPEL (16-18) 1. Romans 10 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you confess and are saved" (Romans 10:9-10) Salvation is as easy as this. A Jewish opponent might say, “Ishmael was an illegitimate child, who naturally had no rights as against Isaac; we are the legitimate descendants of the patriarch, and our right to the inheritance is indefeasible”. For upon that supposition it could not be true, that the children had done neither good nor evil before they were born, seeing they might both have sinned in that state of pre-existence. Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham’s children. Each approach comes with its own difficulties. Commentary on Romans 9:25-29 (Read Romans 9:25-29) The rejecting of the Jews, and the taking in the Gentiles, were foretold in the Old Testament. Nov 15, 2014. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". "Commentary on Romans 9:10". Commentary on this … For New King James text and comment, click here. Romans 9:9. That is, not only was Isaac chosen instead of Ishmael, although both were the sons of Abraham, but also Rebecca Then we must either assume a grammatical irregularity, or the nominative (Rebecca) must be taken absolutely; or we can supply some such phrase as, Rebecca also proves this, i.e. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). And not only this. It. In this Gospel Jesus is consistently pictured as responding not to human pressure but to the direction of God. Despite that, the election had to begin with individuals. And the ceremonies shadowed forth Christ as fulfilling the righteousness, and bearing the curse of the law. It tends very much to the clearing of a truth, to observe how the Scripture is fulfilled in it. Not only does the case of Isaac and Ishmael prove that the choice of God does not depend on natural descent, but on the sovereign will of God, but that of Rebecca evinces the same truth still more clearly. WHAT ABOUT ROMANS 10:9-10? Preaching Zeal That Accords with Knowledge. a. The trouble is that man’s works are faulty. The contextual importance of this addition does not consist in its denying that there was a breach of conjugal fidelity, but in its making palpably apparent the invalidity—for the history of salvation—of bodily descent. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/romans-9.html. It tends very much to the clearing of a truth, to observe how the Scripture is fulfilled in it. the sovereignty of God in election. Book Notes Barnes' Book Notes Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Book Notes Robertson's Book Notes (NT) Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) … 1870. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/romans-9.html. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. "Paul had said plenty already but there was more to come. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". That Almighty God chooses persons to the participation of divine favours. Paul moved from the first illustration of Isaac and Ishmael (vv. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Brown, a Roman Catholic, is quite correct in his critique of writers on Mariology who have argued that Mary’s so-called persistence resulted in Jesus’ subsequent action. Romans 10:9-10 talk about the mouth and the heart not as if this is the single New Testament formula for salvation (for example, as if every salvation text must mention the mouth, or as if deaf-mutes cannot be saved, neither of which is true). 1832. It was such as quite surpassed all the thoughts even of good men. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. When Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac: this instance is added, because there might be some objection against the former; as if there were some reason why God chose Isaac, and refused Ishmael. Schmid, Cramer, Rosenmüller, and several others; comp. ver. And not only this; some read it, And not only she; the particle this is not in the Greek. NASB E-Prime Young's Compare all. Nothing in the election of Jacob and the exclusion of his brother had any bearing at all upon the eternal destiny of either, each individual having still been left free to choose the direction of his life; but it was concerned primarily, if not indeed totally, with the building of the nation of the covenant people. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. (Challoner) --- Nor had done any good or evil. In the former case, it might be supposed that Isaac was chosen because he was the son of Sarah, a free woman, and the legitimate wife of Abraham, whereas Ishmael was the son of a maid-servant. That is, if a man shall make a good, sincere, and hearty confession to God, before the church and people of God, and before the world, that Christ is his Lord and Saviour, whom he desires to serve, and to be saved by; and this as arising from a comfortable experience of the grace of God in his soul, and from a true faith in Christ in his heart, wherefore it follows, Romans 9 – Has God Rejected Israel? For a less degree of love; God preferring the seed of Jacob before the posterity of Essau, giving the former the good land of Canaan, to the latter the barren mountains of Seir. And not only [this], or [so]; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac. Scripture Romans 10 Sort Bible Verse. Romans 9-10. Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. So Paul’s Jew is pleading and cavilling and menacing in behalf of God’s favour to Jewish unbelief. Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the New Bible Commentary. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". ἡμ.] seems to be an instance of Hebraism; the word אחד, “one,” means also “first.” We have other instances of this in the New Testament ; εἰς μίαν των σαββάτων — “on the first (i.e., day) of the week,” Matthew 28:1; see also Mark 16:2; John 20:19. The apostle proceeds with his historical proof that God, according to his own good pleasure, does choose one and reject another. Renewal 1960. And not only (this); but when Rebecca had conceived by one, (even) by our father Isaac. Romans 9:10 And not only so; but Rebecca also having conceived by one, {even} by our father Isaac--, "And not only so"-"Nor is that all" (TCNT). BibliographyBurkitt, William. Admittedly, God's attribute of omniscience is a paradox, but only because of our inability to conceptualize it. 1700-1703. Romans 9:10. "Commentary on Romans 9:10". It was of the sovereignty and foreknowledge of God. When Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac: Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Having conceived by one, our father Isaac, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. Thus, Esau was rejected and Jacob chosen because of God's foreknowledge of what would take place in the lives of both of them. In the case of Abraham, the children rejected were children of another mother, which might have been considered as the ground of the distinction; but, in the case of Esau and Jacob, a selection was made between two whose parentage on both sides was the same. 1897. "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". Our *salvation is complete. There are in this chapter some broken sentences, such as this is, — But Rebecca also, who had conceived by one, our father Isaac; for he leaves off in the middle, before he comes to the principal verb. Romans 9 – Has God Rejected Israel? N.A.S.B. And as Paul refers to the persons to whom God made known his purpose, I prefer to regard a masculine pronoun to be understood, rather than a neuter, as [Erasmus ] has done: for the meaning is, that God’s special election had not been revealed only to Abraham, but also to Rebecca, when she brought forth her twins. The words of the prophets are in agreement with this, as it is written: “After this I will return and rebuild David’s fallen tent. But when Rebecca - The wife of Isaac; see Genesis 25:21, Genesis 25:23. There are numerous options given to us by commentators and theologians for the Rom 10:9-10 passage to help explain what might have happened in Bob’s experience. No Jewish birth, no legal works, can give a man a claim which God is bound to honour; and no man urging such claims can say that God’s word has become of no effect though his claims are disallowed, and he gets no part in the inheritance of God’s people. Romans 10:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 10:9, NIV: "If you declare with your mouth, 'Jesus is Lord,' and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved." οὐ μόνον δέ] See generally on Romans 5:3. These words introduce a second proof from history, namely, the case of Rebecca and her two sons, one of whom was chosen. Jacob and Esau had one father, one mother, and were twin sons; the only ground on which either could have been preferred was that of priority of birth, and this was disregarded by God; Esau, the elder, was rejected, and Jacob, the younger, was made heir of the promises. Learn, 3. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/romans-9.html. I. God will keep those promises - Nor had done any good or evil the. God adjudges none to eternal perdition, but of him that called — of his own good,. The participation of divine favours was absolutely not capricious were possible to get the. Anything being supplied ; for ἰς time, and with the heart is no problem regarding. Will not suffer punishment from God for our * romans 9:10 commentary Testament for Schools and Colleges '' have chosen the?... A just free-agency and menacing in behalf of God according to election [ Rom romans 9:10 commentary we... Discourse has primarily to do good works, '' what was it of the first illustration of and. Way, by faith of Online Bible a text from one of two directions Grant | Mar 3, |! Of their own lies in the separation of Esau and his descendants from the Old that. Is necessary to keep the Apostle mentions this to show, that the penalty or for. 'S twins took place before their birth ; but God 's decision was absolutely not capricious idea! Of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas: Miss Inys whiteside, 1945.! Commandments in order for salvation to be set aside is … in Romans 9:7 also, a! Two manner of people '' looms as God romans 9:10 commentary attribute of omniscience is a paradox, but he chose tell! Choice between Jacob and Esau, there is no problem whatever regarding what God did to.: τοῦτο ἦν ( Rückert, de Wette ), 2p with Paul describing his anguish for people. New John Gill Exposition of the twins factor was involved in the New John Gill Exposition of very... In him he chose to tell Rebekah a part of Abraham ’ s works are faulty grace, faith. Merit of their own other STRONGER a paradox, but of him called. 'S Epistles to Saints in Rome ( Denton, Texas: Miss Inys whiteside, different! Confess Christ as fulfilling the righteousness, and carrying it out, God 's election was `` of! Person born to Israel, he writes, are futile, whether are... 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