gmelina arborea description

Gmelina arborea is a deciduous trees that attains height up to 20 meters. Description A detailed revision, it also often gives plant uses. Plants used against cancer. Good alternative to Teak, but for much lower price. Synonyms: Gmelina arborea Roxb. R��������.��G��T}�[�'���}��1�lH�MU��WO�}�����b��1�$3�O˝<7�L[zw�KXao����S����]�-J�����h��i�k;PX����¹vԗQ¥¾��,}.���ht�tb�0F�V=ᮺ>�n�\Ø*j�>��u�\(\�_�bt��� Source: James A. Duke. Duke, J.A. Fruits of gambhari are sweet and cooling and contain tartaric acid which is a natural anti-oxidant found in also found in wine. Agro Forestory : Growing of Gmelina arborea in agroforestry model is a commercial practice in TamilNadu. 0000002989 00000 n Common name: Yemane; gmelina; melina Scientific name: Gmelina arborea Roxb. The wood makes a fairly good charcoal. The tree attains moderate to large heights of up to 30 m, with a girth of 1.2 to 4 m. It has a chlorophyll layer just under the outer bark, which is pale yellow on the outside and white inside. identification. Description. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION Gmelina arborea is an unarmed, moderately sized to large deciduous tree with a straight trunk. : A clonal identification against Description of … Gmelina (Gmelina arborea) IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). In a reasonably good site, it takes only three years to attain a merchantable timber size of 5.8 m – 8.3 m with 10 cm – 15 cm diameter. Scattered individuals or small groups of trees naturally occur from the Illawarra district of New South Wales … Family: Verbenaceae Description Yemane is a deciduous tree which has a very remarkable growth rate. The straight, cylindrical bole is commonly around 50cm in diameter, but specimens up to 140cm have been recorded [ 325 C.S.I.R. Gmelina arborea is a fast growing forest For. Group: Dicot: Family: Verbenaceae: Genus: Gmelina: Species: Gmelina arborea Roxb. Handbook of Energy Crops. It has simple heart shaped large leaves with greyish white bark. ABSTRACT. 0000000679 00000 n Oils: A short account of the anatomical, physical, strength and chemical characteristics of the wood of gmelina [Gmelina arborea], from which it is concluded that suitable uses are pulp/paper, furniture, plywood, matches, fuelwood, and other similar uses. Etymology: The specific epithet, arborea is derived from the term ‘arboretum’, which means wood. A survey. An herb a day ... Ayurvedic. 1948–1976. Twigs pale; the opposite leaves have a long petiole to 15 cm long, blade broadly ovate to 25 x 18 cm, 3-veined at base, 2 glands present on upper surface near junction of petiole and blade, stellate hairs present on lower surface. An investigation was undertaken at Njala, in Sierra Leone to assess the effect of provenance and seed size on germination and physiological traits of Gmelina arborea . 2. 1983. %PDF-1.4 %���� and Wain, K.K. It does not thrive on ill-drained soils and remains stunted on dry, sandy or poor soils; drought also reduces it to a shrubby form. The decoction of leaves of Lantana camara is given in tetanus and rheumatism. – gumhar Subordinate Taxa. 1981. Estimation of volume and weight growth in. In Gambia there are dual purpose plantings, for firewood and for honey. However, in A revision of the genus Gmelina (Lamiaceae), Kew Bulletin Vol. Gmelina arborea is a fast-growing tree, which grows on different localities and prefers moist fertile valleys with 750–4500 mm rainfall. Reynolds, L. and Lawson, E.C. 0000000730 00000 n Native Introduced Native and Introduced. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. ABSTRACT. Family: Verbenaceae. Gamhar is also cultivated as a garden ornamental and as a street tree. It is often planted as an ornamental avenue shade tree. 24 0 obj<>endobj xref 24 14 0000000016 00000 n Technology Description The coconut – based agroforestry system involving coconut + gmelina (Gmelina arborea Roxb.) 11 vols. 63(9):320–327. It is easy to work and polishes to a silky smooth finish with a high gloss. Biomass and net production of The wood of the gambhari tree is also used for construction, handicrafts makin… Gmelina arborea leaf Dark brown trunk with pale brown blotches due to fallen flakes, Leaves opposite with long stalk, round with narrow tip, coated with soft hair. Description. Features:-Gmelina arborea is a fast-growing tree, which grows on different localities and prefers moist fertile valleys with 750–4500 mm rainfall.It does not thrive on ill-drained soils and remains stunted on dry, sandy or poor soils; drought also reduces it to a shrubby form. with more than 85,000 entries. The leaves are simple, opposite and heart shaped tapering towards the apex with length of 10-25 cm and breadth of 8-20 cm. Firewood crops. (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research). The flowers are reddish yellow in colour and fruits are green and oval shaped. )�����n{ܮ����I�H������/�$�u)�=��� �=O&�����`>�+_�M��8�f��4U��U�������P�*�k�/����1��z��*�O��q8�U%�h�wUɛW7wWy��[��)ֿ�0����ʗ�|/RY���4LU�^FSY̏�y�F���I��tY�o�+-j���/w?_���4��4�H����V^͢(� �q���AM��7���*f^�˫�B�-���2��e�^B�x��f�X����"?�-� �T�^�M��������L[���R�bn��V[\��;XG��q�,U���Q��p�D�G���Ȟ'^:��J橗ƾlA��Ao3�8U����z/����>��O���'�v8�|Xa�$SG�H,�� in the Rio Jari region of Brazil to feed a 750 MT/day kraft pulp mill. Description: A deciduous tree, ca 15 m tall; branchlets quadrangular, nearly pubescent. Press, Oxford. Notes (fr: gmelina, peuplier d'Afrique) It is wide spreading with numerous branches forming a large shady crown, attains a height of 30 m or more and a diameter of up to 4.5 m. Bark smooth, pale ashy-grey or grey to yellow with black trailer <<8563EBE46626A20EADA35FA2F402A765>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 25 0 obj<>endobj 37 0 obj<>stream Multi - tier cropping system also has been followed in Pudukkottai district of Tamil Nadu. Shrub and tree species for energy production. Medicinal: The roots of Clerodendron are used in asthma and cough. Premna arborea (Roxb.) three gmelina arborea stand of 20,22,and 27 years old were used for the study. A comparison of the fuelwood value of. Medicinal plants of the world. Leaves broadly ovate-acuminate, 7.5 – 20 × 6.5 – 15.2 cm, subcoriacious, glabrescent above, fairly tomentose or almost glaucous beneath. Gmelina arborea is known to exhibit a good natural ability to coppice (Nsien et al, 2009). It is also popular as firewood in part because of how slow it is to burn. 0000001541 00000 n Description This Asian native grows quickly and forms a dense shady tree, deciduous in spring when flowering. Gmelina arborea is the scientific name of a deciduous tree also commonly known as either Beechwood or white teak. 0000002818 00000 n 3. N.A.S. Clarke Gmelina rheedii Hook. man-made forests in the Philippines. Description of Values. 1980a. Gmelina arborea is a useful multipurpose shade tree for coffee and cocoa plantations; it suppresses grasses and provides livestock fodder. The wood of Gmelina arborea is used in making drums, sitars and other musical instruments. Gmelina wood has a medium texture with a straight or roey grain. The flowers are bisexual having reddish to yellow color; resemble to those of vasa flowers. Root pieces are greyish brown and almost … Flowers in clusters, at the end of twigs, fruits yellowish, fleshy and smells fruity. 0000000597 00000 n Duke, J.A. The wealth 0000001378 00000 n Little, E.L. Jr. 1983. The study examined the influence of age series on fibre characteristics of gmelina Arborea established in the mamu forest reserve, Anambra state.. Three gmelina Arborea stand of 20,22, and 27 years old were used for the study. It is widely used for it’s medicinal properties from ancient times. 0000007426 00000 n Lloydia 30–34. Genus Gmelina is named after Johann Georg Gmelin (1709 - 1755), a German professor of botany of Tubingen University. var. glaucescens C.B. Influence Of Plantation Age On Characteristics Of Gmelina Arborea. 0000057068 00000 n x��Zے�8�}����jC��. 0000173548 00000 n J. Jap. 1984. in ed. Gmelina wood is used for furniture, cabinetry, boatbuilding, musical instruments, and decorative boxes. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits) Medicinal ( The fruit and bark can be used for treatment for bilious fever.) Gmelina is a fast-growing, unarmed, moderately sized to large deciduous tree with a wide spreading canopy with numerous branches forming a large shady crown. of India. xzK������§@}b�j�@�C�矰���v�O��.$~y�ڍ��S��]��1-ǁy����޼P/_}|�ۛ�޽y�n`�ۭ @a�m�K����1V ��e�|��-�k3i��A5�ZWm �I6_S�x�P ���]�[�Hr6�-�R�/��ѭ�*Zo#�l)y�M�XH�P�]�*H�����"�.�f}7��KU��M�B����DDjU� �z�b.S%�}}F�1?��h�b���b�fvU��i'w�ހvU�� Rn@��d)$/1�~�($�����[���-�������c/���}V7�A@P l[pU� {�v`���e��a�6��j�nZ|+�XY�G�Q��%<8�Q��Z�F<6H�Œl?��%�0��[�+�(�[�^�dD�b�L>x�S �YeX��%,h7HVCܙ���Q۽� ~~nj+�J��Ja�oׂ�wZ'Rv-DY�����UM���g�+�-b �M6����Q��A*��2h*�n�By{�]�T�Ҳ@. 0000002436 00000 n endstream Dږ�{ ��N0��h݆��/\.7g�A簢~*�k It can grow from 3 - 30 metres tall, sometimes even taller. 0000002282 00000 n The objective of the study is to identify seed size and sources that are superior in terms of important characteristics that would be the best sources for seed improvement programmes and production of Gmelina trees. Plant Description: Gmelina arborea is a medium-sized tree up to 60 feet high with tomentose branchlets. The roots are light coloured from outside and yellow from inside. Common name: Yemane; gmelina; melina Scientific name: Gmelina arborea Roxb. It is native to India and parts of Southeast Asia, and its dense, thick wood is used to make furniture, boats, and musical instruments. interplanting under leaf pruned coconut is a scheme to save the coconut industry from being a sunset industry by providing a practical substitute to the cutting of coconut trees. Show All Show Tabs gumhar General Information; Symbol: GMAR ... Gmelina L. – gmelina Species: Gmelina arborea Roxb. Gambhari is a fast-growing tree of teak family and it is medium sized and about 40 to 60 feet / 20 meters long. Gmelina arborea India extensively in sub assembled divergent genotypes by using various conventional methods in gene bank clonal Correspondence Kuntala N Barua Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat, Assam, India Study on foliar micro morphology of Gmelina arborea Roxb. Hartwell, J.L. �y�%3Di������d��F�:f0����8~�Y�X6�(#��I�9��K�P�̻�`ꇝ7��ͣ�����k��&R/��h.�:;2��#n��Y�^��7뜃$��i��9��5#�@VI#�I����I����޼z��^���3�̒'�cG����ȥA�?�$��T��N��lN�X�)���X� jW�nd:j�E����Ɠ�1Y�Ȯ���2%�G/ꦵ!&S�K�U&�u&(���������s�"W7v���iSh���}q�>� l�V�p na8�FԴ�7��b4u5����;KU4��Y;]UcC���L�U��ι�ɿ�ǀ�O�h��X�͛��߾���z���k�߫����:u�+��>_���Y�F�0`�@0�.8�[����2Z#X��~�������nb�ھkh���֎g� �����"�q�d��UvDs@6�@z���Ѻ�P�q[>n�V�V[�g���ˇ} ��2;Q�@��K;w#�����v��ֳM���[1z���EV� w�Da�����xa�hP���'+����um?s�"��xy�]Ce���cf���n,霬�*�%��2�[��``���~Gc£Q9����_�{��y�;w������vOe�ɝ��o,���3�7�5�X&7��~�� ��蟊 The spelling of the name of this taxon has invariably been Gmelina philippensis. Yemane is a deciduous tree which has a very remarkable growth rate. 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Ability to coppice ( Nsien et al, 2009 ) glaucous beneath and contain tartaric acid which a... Kawahara, T., Kanazawa, Y., and 27 years old were used for the study,,. Kraft pulp mill, T., Kanazawa, Y., and 27 years old were used for ’! As firewood in part because of how slow it is medium sized and about to... Nearly pubescent on Characteristics of Gmelina arborea is a bio-prospective plant belonging to family Verbenaceae meters... Known as either Beechwood or white teak: GMAR... Gmelina L. – Gmelina:! Used in asthma and cough Gmelina L. – Gmelina species: Gmelina, peuplier d'Afrique 3... A revision of the genus Gmelina ( Lamiaceae ), Kew Bulletin Vol quadrangular nearly! Influence of Age series on fibre Characteristics of Gmelina arborea is an,... Production of man-made forests in the Philippines, Kanazawa, Y., Sakura... As an ornamental avenue shade tree and 27 years old were used for it ’ s medicinal properties ancient...: the specific epithet, arborea is derived from the term ‘ arboretum ’, grows. Of Energy Crops, Akachuku, A.E arborea is the Scientific name: Yemane Gmelina! And yellow from inside decoction of leaves of Lantana camara is given in tetanus and.. Above, fairly tomentose or almost glaucous beneath fuelwood Crops: a Handbook for identification. A silky smooth finish with a straight trunk Handbook for their identification white! To family Verbenaceae Information ; Symbol: GMAR... Gmelina L. – Gmelina species: Gmelina arborea.! Lower price to a silky smooth finish with a high gloss T., Kanazawa Y.... Of 20,22, and Sakura, S. 1981 Crops: a deciduous tree which has a very remarkable growth.. Forest p > Gmelina arborea is used in asthma and cough a fast forest., at the end of twigs, fruits yellowish, fleshy and smells fruity Ground... 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Leichhardtii, the white beech, is a useful multipurpose shade tree for coffee and cocoa plantations ; suppresses. For furniture, cabinetry, boatbuilding, musical instruments, and decorative boxes native to India for coffee and plantations... Et al, 2009 ) roots are light coloured from outside and yellow inside! Growing forest p > Gmelina arborea teak family and it is often planted as ornamental. Asthma and cough of how slow it is medium sized and about 40 to 60 feet / 20 meters.. The term ‘ arboretum ’, which grows on different localities and prefers moist fertile with. Light coloured from outside and yellow from inside Y., and Sakura S.., A.E following 5 species of Gmelina arborea is known to exhibit a good ability. Bark is grayish white colored, which grows on different localities and prefers moist fertile valleys with 750–4500 mm.! A thumbnail map or name for species profiles notes ( fr:,... Large deciduous tree up to 20 m tall provides livestock fodder texture with a trunk! Sakura, S. 1981 with a high gloss avenue shade tree for coffee and cocoa plantations ; it suppresses and. A natural anti-oxidant found in wine to burn Growing forest p > Gmelina arborea.... Taxon has invariably been Gmelina philippensis beech, is a fast Growing forest >... A silky smooth finish with a straight or roey grain obtained from the term arboretum... General Information ; Symbol: GMAR... Gmelina L. – Gmelina species: Gmelina arborea stand of,... Obtained from the Gmelina arborea Roxb. coconut + Gmelina ( Lamiaceae,... Cm and breadth of 8-20 cm ; branchlets quadrangular, nearly pubescent Kew Bulletin.! Yellow colored oval drupes which on ripening give sweetish odor, with 1-2 seeds: ;! System gmelina arborea description has been followed in Pudukkottai district of Tamil Nadu::., the white beech, is a bio-prospective plant belonging to family Verbenaceae is derived gmelina arborea description the arborea! 750–4500 mm rainfall is easy to work and polishes to a silky smooth with... There are dual purpose plantings, for firewood and for honey is easy to work and to! A deciduous tree up to 20 m tall cocoa plantations ; it suppresses grasses and provides livestock.! Tomentose or almost glaucous beneath show Tabs gumhar General Information ; Symbol: GMAR Gmelina! Useful multipurpose shade tree of teak family and it is widely used for it s! The Gmelina arborea is a bio-prospective plant belonging to family Verbenaceae apex with length of cm. A medium texture with a straight trunk genus Gmelina ( Gmelina arborea Roxb. useful shade. Species: Gmelina arborea ( G. arborea ) is a useful multipurpose shade tree high!

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