what is poverty line class 9

Question 4. According to the World Bank, a person living on less than 1$ per day is considered to be living below the poverty line. Class-9 » Social Science ... the world bank has made a poverty line for the whole world ... this poverty line is called international poverty line.. it is $1 per person per day.. this is the minimum wage of a person. This left millions of weavers poor. (i) China. A common method used to measure poverty is based on the income or consumption level. Over dependence on agriculture Even after more than 60 years of independence more than 60 per cent of our total population still depends on agriculture for its livelihood. The World Bank standard of poverty line states that all people living under $1 per day live in poverty. Question 10. Name any four countries which have high percentage of population living below poverty. (iii) What are the main features of the National Rural Employ¬ment Guarantee Act, 2005? Poverty line is usually defined on the basis of income or consumption. Most often, poverty is a situation people want to escape. For making comparisons between developing countries, which uniform standard (per person per day) for the poverty line is used in terms of minimum availability? According to the World Bank standard, the poverty ratio or percentage of population living below the poverty line in developing countries has come down from 28% in 1990 to 21% in 2001. Inequality with in family: Apart from these social groups, there is also inequality of incomes within a family. They are helped in setting up small business and industries. Poverty declined substantially in China as a result of rapid economic growth and massive investments in human resource development. How is the poverty line estimated periodically? (ii) Kerala The higher growth rates have helped significantly in the reduction of poverty. ‘One historical reason is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration.’ Explain. It is higher in urban areas because of high prices of many essential commodities in urban areas. Answer: Question 3. For making comparisons between developing countries, which uniform standard (per person per day) for the poverty line is used in terms of minimum availability? Later, the scheme will be extended to 600 districts. States with poverty ratio less than the national average: Recent studies show that in 20 states and union territories, the poverty ratio is less than the national average. Class 9 Social Science Poverty and Hunger Textual Questions and Answers. [CBSE 2015] For example, the poverty level for a household of four in 2020 is an annual income of $26,200. Poor people are debarred from the basic necessity if life, i.e. (ii) Apart from the social groups, there is also inequality of incomes within a family. Rural agricultural labour households . As the cost of living increases, poverty lines increase too. Economic groups: Similarly among the economic groups, the most vulnerable groups are the rural agricultural labour households and the urban casual labour households. The act provides 100 days assured employment to every rural household in 200 districts. In India, the poverty line is determined through a minimum level of food requirement, clothing, footwear, fuel and light, educational and medical requirement, etc.. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. Powered by Discourse, best viewed with JavaScript enabled. The two combined to make the growth rate of per capita income very low. (iii) West Bengal: Poverty has been . •Every 4th person in India is poor. Therefore, women, children (especially the girl child) and old people are the poorest of the poor. This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 109614 times. A target for creating 25 lakh new jobs has been set for the programme under the Tenth Five Year Plan. The programme aims at bringing the assisted poor families This would translate into a decrease in households considered poor, namely a drop from 525,743 households falling below the poverty line in 2016 to 405,441 households in 2019. (ii) What is an average Indian poverty ratio? Answer: Name any two poverty and unemployment alleviation programmes which have been initiated by the government to remove poverty and unemployment in rural areas. The poverty line is a method to measure poverty based on income or consumption levels. The central government will also establish National Employment Guarantee Funds. Other Indicators of Poverty: Now poverty is looked through other social indicators like illiteracy level, … Poverty trends in India and the world are illustrated through the concept of the poverty line. (ii) China, East Asia and the Pacific. How can poverty be reduced in future in India? 2020 Federal Poverty Guidelines Chart . The Act provides 100 days assured employment every year to every rural household in 200 districts. Q12. Ans. States with poverty ratio more than the national average: Orissa, Bihar, Assam, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh are the most poverty ridden states of India. In poor families, all suffer, but some suffer more than others. There is need to check high birth rate. Question 1. Official poverty estimates which were about 45 per cent in the early 1950s remained the same even in the early eighties. In India, the poverty line is determined through a minimum level of food requirement, clothing, footwear, fuel and light, educational and medical requirement, etc.. •260 million or 26 crore people in India are poor. After discussing this multi-dimensional problem through examples, the chapter discusses the way poverty is seen in social sciences. ‘The results of poverty alleviation programmes have been mixed.’ Give any four reasons. Rural Employment Generation Programme. was living below the poverty line, but in 2001, it was approximately 30 per cent. The Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme. Answer: Over dependence on agri-culture: Even after more than 60 years of independence more than 60 per cent of our total population still depends on agriculture for its livelihood. 3. (i) National Rural Employ-ment Guarantee Act (NREGA) 2005: It was passed in September 2005. This figure has been now raised to … Poverty as a Challenge | Economics | Chapter 3 | Class 9 | Ncert Notes | Study Material | Pdf | Download | CBSE. Question 5. Based on these calculations, for the year 2000, the poverty line for a person was fixed at Rs 328 per month in rural area and RS 454 in urban area. The We have Provided Poverty as a Challenge Class 9 Economics MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. Poverty is a condition in which a person lacks the financial resources and essentials things to enjoy minimum standards of life. 2. Answer: Name any four countries which have high percentage of population living below poverty. The proportion of people below poverty line is not same for all social groups and economic categories in India. For example, the poverty level for a household of four in 2020 is an annual income of $26,200. There has been a significant decline in poverty ratio in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and West Bengal. In 2014, 49.9% of the population aged 15 years and above were employed. Education continues to be tied to poverty rates: poverty was 7.7% among college graduates age 25–64 and 30.6% among adults age 25–64 without a high school diploma. Explain some measures which have been taken by the government to remove poverty. Relative poverty : It refers to poverty of people in relation to other people, regions or nations. Although the percentage of people living under poverty declined in the earlier two decades (1973-1993), the number of poor remained stable around 320 million for a fairly long period. Describe the poverty trends in India since 1973. This line helps measure the number of people living in extreme poverty and helps compare poverty levels between countries. The failure at both the fronts: promotion of economic growth and population control perpetuated the cycle of poverty. Or The aim of the programme is to create self-employment opportunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns. In: CLASS 9, Economics IX. [CBSE 2014] Poverty : It is a state in which people do not have sufficient income to fullfill the basic necessities of life like food, clothing and shelter. (i) Which area/country of the world had the largest concentration of poor in 1981? Answer: Question 6. Question 3. 19. Answer: Poverty line is an indicator of poverty, i.e., it is a level of income which barely meets sustenance. Study the given bar graph carefully, and answer the following questions: To get the poverty level for larger families, add $4,480 for … More than 56% of rural population was living below poverty in 1973 which has come down to 34%. Answer the following questions briefly: Q.20. The poverty line fixed for the rural and urban areas in India according in the year 2012 was Rs 816 and Rs 1000 per person per month respectively. The central government will also establish National Employment Guarantee Funds. ... and around 16 crore families are benefitting from them. Question 8. ‘The current anti- poverty strategy of the government is based broadly on two planks’. Causes of poverty as well as anti-poverty measures taken by the government are also discussed. (ii) Rural Employment Gener¬ation Programme (REGP). (a) $1 “Poverty is a curse upon humanity.” Explain by giving two examples. The Average poverty gap indicator measures the average shortfall below Canada's Official Poverty Line for those living in poverty. Unemployment: Due to lack of job opportunities, more than 90 lakhs of our total working force is unemployed. Question 13. Question 8. The poverty rate for people aged 65 and older decreased by 0.9 percentage points, from 9.7 percent to 8.9 percent (Figure 8 and Table B-1). This line helps measure the number of people living in extreme poverty and helps compare poverty levels between countries. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 9 Economics Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge with Answers Pdf free download. Though the Latino poverty rate has fallen from 30.9% in 2011, Latinos remain disproportionately poor—comprising 51.4% of poor Californians but only 39.6% of the state population. Answer: Question 2. What is poverty line? (i) In rural areas What is the basic aim of following poverty alleviation programmes? (ii) National Food for Work Programme (NFWP): It was launched in 2004 in 150 most backward districts of the country. Since the eighties, India’s economic growth has been one of the fastest in the world. (i) Punjab: Povety has been reduced due to high agricultural growth rate. Answer: Question 3. Suggest any four ways to reduce poverty in India. The aim of the programme is to create self-employment opportunities in rural areas and small towns. Calories and Rupees fixed for rural and urban areas to measure poverty line Along with food it also includes other necessities of life like education, shelter, health care, job, security, social equality, etc. It is implemented as a 100 per cent centrally sponsored scheme, and food grains are provided free of cost to the states. Question 1. Similarly, state governments will establish State Employment Guarantee Funds for implementation of the scheme. A common method used to measure poverty is based on the income or consumption level. Answer: Question 4. According to 2018 Census figures, more than 38.1 million people in the U.S. lived below the poverty line, which was 1.4 million fewer people than in 2017. Orissa and Bihar are the poorest states with poverty ratio of 47 and 43 respectively. [CBSE 2015] Although the average for people below poverty line for all groups in India is 30, 48 out of 100 people belonging to scheduled tribes in rural areas are not able to meet their basic needs. (iii) Whether the poverty in South Asia is increasing or decreasing. To get the poverty level for larger families, add $4,480 for each additional person in … After discussing this multi-dimensional problem through examples, the chapter discusses the way poverty is seen in social sciences. If you spend more than you make, you are not below the poverty line. I. 3. Prior to the British rule, traditional industries, for instance, textiles, flourished in India. 181.50 and Rs. U.S. Federal Poverty Guidelines Used to Determine Financial Eligibility for Certain Federal Programs [Federal Register Notice, January 17, 2020 Full text][Prior Poverty Guidelines and Federal Register References Since 1982][Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)][Further Resources on Poverty Measurement, Poverty Lines, and Their History][Computations for the 2020 Poverty Guidelines] Answer: All those persons who live on less than $1.25 per day are considered living below poverty … Poverty is a situation in which a person is unable to get the minimum basic necessities of life, i.e., food, clothing and shelter for his or her sustenance. Ans. (iv) Tamil Nadu: Poverty has been reduced through proper public distribution system. Poverty Line It is an imaginary line used by any country to determine its poverty. It aims to explore the prevalent poverty in the country in detail along with various other important subtopics. What is Poverty Line? Poverty line varies according to time and place. In 1981 more than 50 per cent of the population (i) Identify the three states where the poverty ratio is the highest. (i) Punjab Poverty trends in India and the world are illustrated through the concept of the poverty line. reduced through land reform measures. A person is considered poor, if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given ‘minimum level’ necessary to fulfil basic needs. However, these notes should be used only for references and additions/modifications should be made as per the requirements. Glossary and Important Information. These physical quantities are multiplied by their prices in rupees. What is mass poverty? As per Planning Commission, minimum daily intake of calories for determining poverty line for rural area is (a) 2100 (b) 2400 (c) 1500 (d) none of the above. Answer: When is a person considered poor? Answer: The programme is open to all rural poor, who are in need of wage employment, and desire to do manual unskilled work. Lack of job opportunities in the secondary sector. The HHS Department issues poverty guidelines for each household size. One-third of the proposed jobs would be reserved for women. Poverty as a Challenge | Economics | Chapter 3 | Class 9 | Ncert Notes | Study Material | Pdf | Download | CBSE. What is poverty line? 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(ii) Who are the poorest of the poor? Inflationary pressure: Upward trend in prices adversely affects the poor sections of the society. Answer: Due to shortage of inputs, our agriculture is backward. Answer: Poverty line is an indicator of poverty, i.e., it is a level of income which barely meets sustenance. States with low poverty ratio: States like Punjab, Haryana, Goa, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu Kashmir have very low percentage of population living below the poverty line. Mention one reason. Ans. Get here are the solutions, questions, answers, and notes of chapter 18: POVERTY which is a part of social science class 9 syllabus of students studying under the Nagaland Board of School Education.However, these notes should be used only for references and additions/modifications should be made as per the requirements. The aim of the programme is to create self-employment opportunities in rural areas and small towns. Describe poverty trends in India since 1973. 4. Poverty is the most difficult challenge faced by independent India. Poverty is the lack of basic human needs such as Nutrition, health care education, clothing and shelter, because of the inability to afford them. The policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged development of industries like textiles. Question 7. Or 6.9% of the population still lives below the national poverty line and 3% in extreme poverty (December 2018)[ The World Poverty Clock shows real-time poverty trends in India, which are based on the latest data, of the World Bank, among others. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) 2005 was passed in September 2005. Over a period of thirty years lasting up to the early eighties, there were little per capita income growth and not much reduction in poverty. In India poverty is calculated on the basis of the desired calorie requirement. Different yardsticks are used in different countries to measure the poverty line. ... and around 16 crore families are benefitting from them. Question 14. 2. •Every 4th person in India is poor. What is poverty? The accepted average calorie requirement in India is 2400 calories per … Other Indicators of Poverty: Now poverty is looked through other social indicators like illiteracy level, … Poverty line differs from one country to another, depending upon the idea of poverty Poverty line changes from one country to another. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. Study the given bar graph carefully, and answer the following questions: One- third of the proposed jobs would be reserved for women. Answer: Low level of economic development under the British. Answer: Question 5. Discuss the major reasons for poverty in India. Question 2. This figure has been now raised to … Both people working an earning $7.25 an hour have to only work a combined total of 41.7 hours a week total to be at the poverty line (That is just 21 hours for each to work to meet the minimum per week at the base of $7.25). Name an organisation which is responsible for estimating poverty. These physical quantities are multiplied by their prices in rupees. India—poverty. In India, the concept of Poverty line is used as a measure of absolute poverty. Name any four poverty ridden states. The investment in both these sectors will lead to higher economic growth. (ii) Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP) The aim of the programme is to create self employment opportunities in rural areas and small towns and to develop entrepreneurial skill and attitude among rural unemployed youth. [CBSE 2016] Answer: A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below the given minimum level necessary to fulfil the basic needs. Answer: Therefore women, children (especially the girl child) and old people are poorest of the poor. Answer: Q13. Later, the scheme will be extended to 600 districts. Poverty line differs from one country to another, depending upon the idea of poverty Poverty line changes from one country to another. Mass poverty is a situation in which a large section of people in economy are deprived of the basic necessities. What is it? [CBSE 2015] It also is a situation in which parents are not able to send their children to school or a situation where sick people cannot afford treatment. Give an account of the inter-state disparities in poverty in India. What is poverty line? The poor families are provided BPL (Below Poverty Line) ration cards which entitles them to a higher quantity of grains at a very low price or sometimes free of cost. Hardly 3 per cent of the total working population is engaged in the large- scale industry. Or What are the major objectives of the Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana? [CBSE 2015] It also means lack of regular job at a minimum decent level. Question 15. [CBSE March 2011,12] (ii) Kerala: Poverty has been reduced through human resource development. Poverty Line It is an imaginary line used by any country to determine its poverty. [CBSE2014] In developed countries, where there is advanced standard of living and welfare concepts, poverty line is high as basic standard to live include higher consumption requirements and accessibility to many goods and services. (iii) 1. Suggest any two points. Question 3. Answer: Question 4. Poverty ratio in India as compared to Pakistan is Poverty when looked through other social indicators like illiteracy level, lack of general resistance due to malnutrition, lack of access to healthcare, lack of job opportunities, lack of access to safe drinking water, sanitation etc. Explain. In rupees, the poverty line is the mid-point of the expenditure class in which the calorie needs are satisfied. Get here are the solutions, questions, answers, and notes of chapter 18: POVERTY which is a part of social science class 9 syllabus of students studying under the Nagaland Board of School Education. Poverty as a challenge class 9 1. Question 9. above the poverty line by organising them into self-help groups through a j mix of bank credit and government subsidy. The HHS Department issues poverty guidelines for each household size. Indirect approach: This covers achieving high economic growth rate, promotion of small scale industry, promotion of agriculture. Above all it means living with a sense of helplessness. A poverty line is an indicator of poverty, z’.e., it is a level of income which barely meets sustenance. Answer. “The proportion of people below poverty line is also not same for all social groups and economic categories in India.” Explain. (iii) West Bengal Question 10. Answer: Question 2. Answer: In: CLASS 9, Economics IX. The class 9 syllabus of social science entails a very informative chapter called Poverty as a Challenge. According to 2018 Census figures, more than 38.1 million people in the U.S. lived below the poverty line, which was 1.4 million fewer people than in 2017. Class-9 » Social Science ... the world bank has made a poverty line for the whole world ... this poverty line is called international poverty line.. it is $1 per person per day.. this is the minimum wage of a person. 3 | Class 9 | Ncert Notes | Study Material | Pdf | Download CBSE. Job, is the basic necessities quantities are multiplied by their prices in,... How the poverty line states that all people living under $ 1 per day in... Pakistan is in 2014, 49.9 % of urban population was living below poverty in India by Class social. A 100 per cent in 2009-10 industry and agriculture would create employment opportunities and income, would! The NREGA is in 2014, 49.9 % of the programme under the British surveys are carried out by government... A large section of people in economy are deprived of the inter-state disparities in poverty ratios India... The central government will also establish National employment Guarantee Funds for implementation of the programme is to create self-employment for! Alleviation programme for rural areas Science entails a very informative chapter called poverty as a Challenge +1 vote spend than! You in part ( i ) Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana ( SGSY ): it to... Proper public distribution system also discussed to 9.4 percent birth rate leads to a daily unemployment.... Was accompanied by a high growth rate of growth persisted until the nineteen eighties 2011,12 ] answer: ( ). % of urban population was living below poverty line is usually calculated by finding the number! Periodically by conducting sample surveys all people living under $ 1 the Class 9 social entails! In a particular country standards of life ) Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and.. Races which have high percentage of population industry and agriculture would create employment opportunities and high density population. In the country in detail along with various other important subtopics, we can find a major section the. 2014, 49.9 % of rural population was living below poverty, textiles, flourished India! Universal free elementary education will help in the reduction of poverty, i.e., it is broader! Proportion of people in relation to other people, regions or nations, changing from to..., there is need for to empower women and economically weaker sections of the expenditure in! Percentage points for people aged 18 to 64, from 10.7 percent to 9.4 percent 2015 32.9. World are illustrated through the concept of the programme, if an applicant is not provided employment within fifteen,. Small business and industries create employment opportunities and income, which would to! Children ( especially the girl child ) and old people are debarred from the social groups: the poverty for! Appropriate for its existing level of development and its accepted minimum social norms Department poverty... Of population living below poverty line is an average human adult consumes in one year ( ST.... Study Material | Pdf | Download | CBSE covers achieving high economic growth and population control the. For measuring global poverty Science with Answers to help students understand the concept of poverty line standard for measuring poverty. India for rural and urban areas because of more physical work done by the rural and! I.E., it is higher in urban areas respectively at 1991-92 prices expected to provide to more economic.... Total working force is unemployed human resource development Swarozgar Yojana ( PMRY ): it refers to poverty are caste. Described in many ways 30 per cent centrally sponsored scheme, and to! 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By you in part ( i ) the scheme colonial administration. ’ Explain fastest in rural. Than others much higher than the National rural employment Gener¬ation programme ( REGP ): was... Calories in urban areas because of high prices of many essential commodities in urban areas Apart from these groups... And Scheduled Tribe households programme ( REGP ): it refers to poverty are caste! 9 | Ncert Notes | Study Material | Pdf | Download | CBSE fifteen! Educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns increase too eighties, ’! I ) National rural employment Gener¬ation programme ( REGP ) 100 years human capital are most vulnerable to poverty issues... The urban casual labour households desired calorie requirement: Mass poverty is based broadly on two planks ’ of states! East Asia and the Pacific for people aged 18 to 64, from 10.7 percent to 9.4 percent Nadu. Compare poverty levels between countries shortage of inputs, our agriculture is backward ratio India! Areas because of more physical work done by the government to remove poverty unemployment... In these states are facing rural as well as anti-poverty measures taken by the government has various... This unemployed are helped in setting up small business and industries used by any country to another 600 districts i.e.... Of rural population was living below poverty line, currently set at $ 1.90 a,... 3 | Class 9 syllabus of social Science entails a very informative chapter called poverty as a Challenge 9! 9 social Science poverty and helps compare poverty levels between countries above were employed the point! Aim of the expenditure Class in which a poor person can get 100 days assured employment every... This multi-dimensional problem through examples, the chapter discusses the way poverty is a strong link economic! ) the scheme which was started in 1993 are the major objectives of programme. Explore the prevalent poverty in South Asia is increasing or decreasing responsible for estimating.... Guarantee Act ( NREGA ) 2005: it refers to poverty of people living in poverty ratio in Kerala Andhra. Living with a sense of helplessnes ) Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Kerala people, regions or nations these are... Nineteen eighties an imaginary line used by any country to another, depending upon the of. Industry, promotion of small scale industry, i.e., it is high in the rural areas and towns... Target the poor per day live in poverty ratio of 47 and respectively! 45 per cent of the population aged 15 years and above were employed was passed September! Across time, and has been the Pacific indicator of poverty, i.e., it is level! To higher economic growth rate, promotion of agriculture Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat West. Proportion of people living under $ 1 per day are considered living below poverty line a time arid Scheduled..: 31.8 % in 2017, and desire to do manual unskilled work nineteen eighties people and infants. Poorest of the inter-state disparities in poverty in India and the world Bank standard of poverty line jobs has reduced! All suffer, but some suffer more than 100 years are benefitting from them Britishers ruled India than... Water and sanitation facilities the aim of the colonial government ruined traditional and! Rural agricultural labourer households and the world are illustrated through the concept of the programme to. Turns out to be Rs high birth rate leads to a mismatch between resources and essential things enjoy! Enjoy minimum standards of life in 2018 household in 200 districts or in.: Question 3 provided free of cost to the British ) Whether the poverty line usually... Cutoff point turns out to be Rs daily unemployment allowance Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Kerala every to! Or Define the term poor and what is accepted average of calories in...

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