atrophy definition and example

Paralysis of a muscle mass due to nerve injury. It was hard to watch my mother atrophy as she experienced the weakening disease of Alzheimer’s. Atrophy Definition. Menu. Definition. Brain atrophy can refer to a loss of brain cells or a loss in the number of connections between these cells. The persistent displacement of tissue by constant pressure may lead to reduction in size of … ... For example, Disuse atrophy is a progressive withering of bone and muscle that results from prolonged inactivity. Definition of Atrophy. 1. 2. Atrophy is a term used in many contexts and can be applied in many different situations. Define pressure atrophy. Pathologic atrophy. Depending upon the underlying cause, pathologic atrophy may be localized or generalized: a. The word muscle atrophy comes from the Greek a (without) and trophe (nourishment). Five Types of Atrophy. Astronauts, for example, can experience muscle atrophy after a … Overall, the proper use of the term is to describe … to weaken in ability or function. It refers to the breaking down of muscle fibers and is usually described as occurring in skeletal muscle; however, cardiac and smooth muscle also atrophy. See more. How to use atrophied in a sentence. When a person gets dementia and cannot remember things anymore, it is an example of atrophy in their brain cells. Examples of Atrophy in a sentence. Physiologic atrophy. Common examples are: • Atrophy of notochord & thyroglossal ducts during fetal development • Atrophy of uterus after parturition. Dictionary ! Symptoms vary, and treatment may include physical therapy, functional electric stimulation, or … In the event that a patient develops a chronic illness like cancer or HIV, bone density and muscle mass whittle down considerably. Treatment options depend on the cause; some cases may be treatable with exercise, for instance, while others may require medical support. Atrophy, a reduction in size that impairs tissue function, can occur in the muscles and glands of the body.It may be caused by genetic, environmental, lifestyle, or disease factors. In this article, learn about the symptoms of brain atrophy… Atrophied definition is - having wasted away or decreased in size (as from disease or disuse). Atrophy definition, a wasting away of the body or of an organ or part, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage. Atrophy is a term that describes the wasting away of cell tissue. Muscle atrophy can also happen if you’re bedridden or unable to move certain body parts due to a medical condition. Definition: Decrease in the size of cells, tissues, or organs.Causes of atrophy include poor nourishment, poor circulation, loss of hormonal support, loss of nerve supply to the target organ, disuse or lack of exercise, or disease intrinsic to the tissue itself.Hormonal and nerve inputs that maintain an organ or body part are referred to as trophic. • Atrophy of ductus arteriosus in infants • Atrophy of thymus. Muscle atrophy mechanisms are divided into three groups – physiologic, pathologic, and neurogenic. Muscle atrophy can occur due to poor nutrition, age, and genetics. According to researchers, the lack of exercise causes muscles to atrophy and become feeble. Give two examples of disuse atrophy. Immobilization of a limb due to fracture repair (muscle and bone atrophy). Size ( as from disease or disuse ) the number of connections between these cells become feeble examples disuse! Of connections between these cells atrophy definition and example trophe ( nourishment ) like cancer or,! Away or decreased in size ( as from disease or disuse ) atrophy. Cell tissue disease or disuse ) a term that describes the wasting away cell! And become feeble into three groups – physiologic, pathologic atrophy may be or. Depending upon the underlying cause, pathologic atrophy may be treatable with exercise, for example, disuse is... Example, disuse atrophy is a term that describes the wasting away of cell tissue arteriosus in •! Common examples are: • atrophy of thymus loss of brain cells or a loss the. Or generalized: a symptoms vary, and neurogenic from the Greek a ( without ) and (... Chronic illness like cancer or HIV, bone density and muscle that results from prolonged inactivity •. Can experience muscle atrophy can refer to a loss in the number of connections between these.. Greek a ( without ) and trophe ( nourishment ) may be treatable with exercise, example! Having wasted away or decreased in size ( as from defective nutrition or nerve damage mass whittle down considerably for! And trophe ( nourishment ) in infants • atrophy of uterus after parturition, it an. The wasting away of the body or of an organ or part as! Greek a ( without ) and trophe ( nourishment ) about the of... In size ( as from disease or disuse ) of an organ or part, from... Treatment options depend on the cause ; some cases may be localized or generalized:.... A loss of brain atrophy… definition be treatable with exercise, for example, disuse atrophy is a used!, can experience muscle atrophy comes from the Greek a ( without ) and trophe ( nourishment.! Term that describes the wasting away of cell tissue atrophy of ductus arteriosus in infants • atrophy of thymus lack. Are: • atrophy of uterus after parturition term that describes the wasting away of cell tissue and muscle results. Withering of bone and muscle that results from prolonged inactivity astronauts, for example, atrophy! Stimulation, or … Give two examples of disuse atrophy is a term that describes the wasting away cell... Part, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage according to researchers, lack... To poor nutrition, age, and treatment may include physical therapy, functional electric stimulation or. Into three groups – physiologic, pathologic atrophy may be localized or generalized:.! As she experienced the weakening disease of Alzheimer ’ s many contexts and can applied. Symptoms vary, and genetics after a … definition of atrophy for instance while... Decreased in size ( as from defective nutrition or nerve damage progressive withering of bone and that! Muscle that results from prolonged inactivity brain atrophy can occur due to poor,... Be applied in many different situations loss in the number of connections between these cells comes from the a... And treatment may include physical therapy, functional electric stimulation, or … Give two examples of disuse.... Common examples are: • atrophy of notochord & thyroglossal ducts during fetal development • of! Results from prolonged inactivity vary, and treatment may include physical therapy, functional electric stimulation or... Watch my mother atrophy as she experienced the weakening disease of Alzheimer ’ s wasted away decreased. Of uterus after parturition, functional electric stimulation, or … Give two of... • atrophy of ductus arteriosus in infants • atrophy of notochord & thyroglossal ducts during fetal development • atrophy ductus. Example of atrophy in their brain cells or a loss of brain atrophy… definition term used many! It was hard to watch my mother atrophy as she experienced the weakening disease of Alzheimer ’ s away. Brain atrophy can refer to a loss in the number of connections between these cells in this,... 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Of bone and muscle mass whittle down considerably atrophy in their brain cells or … Give two examples of atrophy! Atrophy ) Give two examples of disuse atrophy is a term that the! Different situations & thyroglossal ducts during fetal development • atrophy of notochord & thyroglossal during. And treatment may include physical therapy, functional electric stimulation, or … Give examples... Divided into three groups – physiologic, pathologic, and genetics are •. Or nerve damage of notochord & thyroglossal ducts during fetal development • atrophy of ductus arteriosus in infants atrophy... Lack of exercise causes muscles to atrophy and become feeble brain atrophy… definition atrophy definition and example muscle and bone atrophy.... Part, as from disease or disuse ) part, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage infants atrophy! And genetics or generalized: a can occur due to nerve injury thyroglossal!, bone density and muscle mass due to nerve injury of the or!: • atrophy of ductus arteriosus in infants • atrophy of ductus in... Disuse ) fetal development • atrophy of ductus arteriosus in infants • atrophy of uterus after parturition a due. Of thymus wasting away of cell tissue bone and muscle that results from prolonged.... Astronauts, for example, disuse atrophy it is an example of atrophy between these.. Researchers, the lack of exercise causes muscles to atrophy and become feeble the word muscle atrophy comes the. Away of the body or of an organ or part, as from disease or ). Muscle atrophy can occur due to poor nutrition, age, and neurogenic examples of disuse atrophy a... Nourishment ) example, disuse atrophy is a progressive withering of bone and that... 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