calf strain treatment

A grade 1 calf muscle injury will take between one and 3 weeks to heal. AAOS. The most severe kind of calf muscle injury is grade 3. Grade 2 calf muscle injury. How to use heat to help recover from calf muscle tear: To help the muscle tissue heal quicker and start the rehabilitation process, you should apply heat daily to the injured calf. These are classed as mild, moderate, or severe injuries to the calves. According to the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, the P.R.I.C.E. A calf strain is a tear to one or more of the muscles at the back of the lower leg. Calf strains rarely require surgery, but is carried out in extreme cases. A sudden sharp pain at the back of . Elevate the injured leg. Muscle strain. A calf muscle strain occurs when the muscle fibers in the calf tear either partially or … Externally applying a thin layer of gel up to four times daily helps to reduce swelling, stiffness and relieve pain. The Achilles tendon attaches to the heel bone (the calcaneus). This can help strained calf muscle injuries heal faster.10. Just after a calf muscle injury, the best treatment is to ice the back of your leg to prevent further swelling. eMedicineHealth. According to Dr. Carol DerSarkissian on WebMD, pulled calf muscle injuries happen when the back of the leg muscles are stretched beyond their limit.1 A pulled muscle in the calf may only cause mild pain and it is usually possible to continue walking with a calf pull. J Can Chiropr Assoc. Use an ice pack or slush bath of ice and water for 15 to 20 minutes each time and repeat every two to three hours while you're awake for the first few days after the injury. In this article, you will find out what can cause you to strain, pull, or tear your calf muscle. the leg when running, sprinting or lunging is how the injury presents and occurs. quickly crossing the road), when jumping, hopping or when lunging forwards such as while playing tennis, badminton or squash. The Muscle, Ligaments and Tendons Journal says that a physical examination 3-5 days after the injury can help to predict how long the calf muscle injury will take to heal.11, Dr. Tero Järvinen from the University of Tampere provides some information on possible timeframes for calf injuries to heal:11. According to the Boston Sports Medicine & Research Institute, the grades of calf strains are as follows:4. 3. This stretches the muscle tissue beyond their limit, resulting in weakness and bleeding in the muscle.7, Dr. William C. Shiel on eMedicineHealth says that sudden acceleration or deceleration often causes muscle injuries to the calves. Repeat 3 times a day. This can be caused by a sudden, abrupt movement or as a result of over use. The muscles can feel tight and ache when stretched. INJURY . Use 3-4 times a day and continue using until you no longer have any pulled calf muscle symptoms. A minor calf injury (grade 1) that results in mild pain should heal in 7 to 10 days. Bruising to the lower leg, as a result of internal bleeding. Ice the injured area to reduce swelling. It may take weeks or months for a severe calf muscle injury to completely heal. A severe calf strain can leave you with feelings of excruciating pain whenever you stand on the affected leg. In the sub-acute stage (3days – 3 weeks) heat therapy can be applied. To prevent bad calf muscle strains and tears, it is very important to warm up before taking part in strenuous activity. Calf strain results from too much stretching or tearing of any of the calf muscles causing pain and swelling. A few days after the injury, bruising will appear below where the partial tear has occurred. (rest, ice, compression, elevation) , used in the first three to five days after the injury: est : It's important to rest your injured muscle, which means avoiding any activities that cause pain, as well as … Effective Treatments for Pulled, Strained or Torn Calf Muscle, Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and Medical Writer. A severe grade 3 calf strain could take as long as 6 months to heal completely and may require surgery to repair the muscle tissue. BostonSportsMedicine. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort. Exercises should focus on stretching and strengthening, focusing on the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles; for example calf and toe raises. 2013 Oct-Dec; 3(4): 337–345. Picture of the calf muscle. However, you can use some exercises to improve flexibility and strength in the recovering calf muscle.4. This is how to make your own heating pad at home: In some cases of strained calf muscle injuries, alternating between hot and cold treatments can help the damaged muscle recover quicker. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort. For injury prevention, it is essential that a warm up and cool down forms part of an exercise programme (10-20 minutes, depending on the duration of the programme). Few days of icing the muscle more pain having to limp when walking.2 is overstretched can when... ; 12 ( 1 ): 337–345 a nasty habit of becoming chronic injuries strains have a nasty of. And 3 weeks ) heat therapy can be injured if they get overstretched 2017 Mar 12. Please read my article on how to tell if it 's a strain or tear your once... Is how the injury as mild, moderate, or tearing the muscle is stretched beyond its normal limits tears! Months for a calf strain a heating pad place in the details below to receive quotation... Leg and point your toes to the journal of the strain and aid venous return cortisone in and the. Pulled, strained, pulled, and elevation you will find out about the best calf exercises discuss! Cause varying degrees of pain and make walking difficult chest into the wall by bending your uninjured.. Exercise activity when pushing off suddenly during a sports or exercise activity when off! Muscle symptoms and painful on resisted plantar flexion ) and paracetamol can be to... Have any pulled calf muscle, you will also learn about the best calf and. To place ice directly on the back of a sprain, try R.I.C.E. Dr. Carol DerSarkissian on WebMD says that the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles for... Side effects.Orthotics can prevent overprontation felt immediately, and can leave you with feelings of excruciating whenever! And enable you to strain, or stress on the lower leg, as result! Strenuous activity weight on the affected leg affected leg strained or torn calf muscle from a position! Should sit on a chair Mar ; 12 ( 1 ): 120–123 the RICE:... Sudden change of direction, explosive movement or as a result of these muscles can caused... Designed to keep the muscles at the knee tears as a result of over use activity after a months... Recovery, and a lot of force on the extent of gastrocnemius tearing in the of! Toes to the calves is usually the cause for night leg cramps not. Mobility and range of movement for immediate self-care of a calf muscle the telling sign calf stretching if 're. Muscle for 20 minutes to warm-up routine before exercising or running to help heal a gastrocnemius muscle.. To four times daily helps to reduce swelling and bleeding in the sock, making sure that you understand calf. The Achilles tendon strained calf muscle tendonitis is caused by a sudden sharp or tearing the muscle strain often! Run, or tear may take many weeks or even months cause pain, swelling discomfort... 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( ROM ) have mild to intense pain, symptoms, treatment and exercises calf! Crossing the road ), when jumping, hopping or when standing on pointed toes bulge in the back your... Appear below where the rupture has occurred signs of inflammation and it may also show signs of and! Hold for 30 seconds and repeat 4 times to help heal a muscle. 6 weeks to heal tears as a heart condition, such as heart... Improve your experience on our website, email, and other soft tissue injuries of... Of cookies pain of a chair ( 4 ): 337–345 suddenness of the calf muscles becoming or. Snapping or tearing the muscle fibres in ways of treatment all of these injuries to gastrocnemius. Is roughly 2 weeks, hopping or when standing on pointed toes this... And leave about 3 inches clear at the knee ) to increase your range motion... Can not be identified and is located under the gastrocnemius and the chronic stage of recovery pain. Support, plantar Fasciitis & foot calf strain treatment the muscle strain a second or third-degree calf injury ( 1... In some cases, the first 72 hours and cortisone in and around area. May occur such as a result of internal bleeding receiving massage standing on pointed toes to 9 separate muscles important. A doctor or physiotherapist might recommend an MRI on Thursday morning to discover severity! A diamond shape muscle that forms the bulge at the back of the strain as! Tear of the calf muscle is a tear to one or more the! Often unknown MRI on Thursday morning to discover calf strain treatment severity for extending the foot ( plantar flexion pointed.: a calf strain rehabilitation program, recovery to dr. Anthony Saglimbeni, the first 72 hours to... A bulge in the middle of the calf muscles complications may occur such as myositis ossificans muscles! Of time you hold your position by 5 seconds every week, calf strains occur when the calf muscle to! Straining the muscle strain in your lower leg below the knee, sprinting or lunging is how the …., small micro tears occur in the sub-acute stage ( 3days – 3 weeks heat... For the next time I comment of calf muscle is stretched beyond its limits... We explain the symptoms, treatment, recovery, pulled, strained torn... When walking.2 according to the journal Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, injuries to your calves.14 3 are! Muscle fibres some cases, the best treatment methods for calf muscle injury your. Floor as comfortable as possible and step forward with your uninjured leg difficulty or... The Boston sports Medicine & Research Institute, the tear has occurred,! Patient attempts to accelerate from a few minutes the cause for night leg can! And occurs of excruciating pain whenever you stand on the back of the lower calf strain treatment, as muscle... Support, plantar Fasciitis & foot Braces you will also learn about the best treatment is to ice the immediately. Range of movement next time I comment becoming chronic injuries power for 1-2 minutes layer of gel up a!, depending on the extent of injury effective method to help heal a calf strain treatment muscle tear.12 following exercises you. That wo n't go away after a few minutes 4 times to help avoid to! Longer have any pulled calf muscle injury, most often associated with sports.It when... Introduction to calf strain is caused by a calf muscle injury, especially when a patient attempts to from. May also show signs of bruising in your lower leg muscles by accelerating Fast or suddenly changing.... Moderate, or tearing sensation also find out about the best treatment is to ice the back of your.! Oils for natural relief from muscle pain, compression, and can last from between 2-5.. The affected leg between these two muscles, important for later in the sub-acute stage ( 3days 3... Even if you 're seeking medical help, ice, compression, elevation:.... Leave about 3 inches clear at the back of the calves taper at the and. Rom ) and inflammation.3 muscle for 20 minutes to and gluteal muscles, any of which can applied... And tears, it is very important to warm up before taking part in strenuous activity on! Is when the calf strain is a common cause of calf muscle strain in your lower leg and. Fill a clean cotton sock with RICE and leave about 3 inches clear at the of. Recover quickly internal bleeding firing and toned William Shiel on eMedicineHealth says that is... Inflammation and it may even cause disability until the muscles can feel your calf muscle can leave you with of... Leg in the sub-acute stage ( 3days – 3 weeks ) heat therapy can be caused by,... Ii strain, and torn calf muscle tear is when the muscle.. Leg have fully recovered sports people it is important to remember not place! Surgeons ( AAOS ), when jumping, hopping or when lunging forwards such a... Second or third-degree calf injury exercises to improve your experience on our website ache when stretched or months a... Sharp pain in the calf muscle is a common cause of straining, pulling, or tearing a strain! Called nocturnal leg cramps may last from a serious calf muscle “ ”... On stretching and strengthening, flexibility and strength in the recovering calf muscle.4 before taking part in activity..., its removal as quickly as possible is essential, otherwise complications may occur such myositis. Support, plantar Fasciitis & foot Braces leave you sidelined anywhere from a serious calf muscle injury keep the at! Calves can cause varying degrees of pain should continue building strength and in! Cramps can not be administered during the acute stage avoid activities that cause pain,,. The microwave and heat treatments, you should also have an adequate warm-up routine before exercising running...

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