Prince-bishoprics, which were ruled by Protestants, were the following: The Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen, also Archbishopric of Bremen, — not to be confused with the former Archdiocese of Bremen, and the modern Archdiocese of Hamburg, founded in 1994 — was an ecclesiastical principality (787–1566/1648) of the Holy Roman Empire, which after its definitive secularization in 1648, became the hereditary Duchy of Bremen. The administrator is also prohibited by canon law from naming pastors of parishes.  Canon law subjects his activity to various legal restrictions and to special supervision by the college of consultors (as for example canons 272 and 485). However, one common restriction was that administered prince-bishoprics were denied to emit their deputies to the diets of the Empire or of the imperial circles (German: Reichstag, or Kreistag, respectively). And there are a number of things which the law specifically does not permit an administrator to do. A diocesan bishop who has completed his 75th year is requested by canon law to tender his resignation from office to the supreme pontiff. The current ordinary is Wolfgang Ipolt. The 1983 Code of Canon Law, also called the Johanno-Pauline Code, is the "fundamental body of ecclesiastical laws for the Latin Church". Cf.  The college must elect as administrator a priest or bishop at least 35 years old. Bishop-elect Kulick, a 54-year-old canon lawyer, has served as diocesan administrator since Sept. 15, when he was elected to the post by the diocese’s College of … Later, when Protestants were usually denied papal confirmation, the emperors nevertheless invested the unconfirmed candidates as princes - by a so-called liege indult (German : Lehnsindult) - due to political coalitions and conflicts within the empire, in order to gain candidates as imperial partisans. Studien zur Geschichte der Reichskirche zwischen 1517 und 1648, Stuttgart 1995, Catholic Church hierarchy#Equivalents of diocesan bishops in law, Prince-bishoprics ruled by Protestant bishops, Code of Canon Law, canons 421 §2 and 425 §3, Out-of-date article in the Catholic Encyclopedia, written before the Codes of Canon Law of 1917 and 1983 altered the conditions. §2 If a diocesan Administrator has not been legitimately elected within the prescribed time for whatever cause, his designation devolves upon Also the opposite occurred with a papally confirmed bishop, never invested as prince. The Archdiocese of Wrocław is a Latin Rite archdiocese of the Catholic Church named after its capital Wrocław in Poland. 365, 366, §1) and even the conciliar decree Christus Dominus (no. J. Coriden, -T. Green, -E. Heintschel, NY, 1985, p. 370. The information that Protestant clerical rulers would generally have been called administrators, as written in several encyclopedies, does not fit historically documented practice.  In those countries in which the episcopal conference has transferred the functions, the cathedral chapter, and not the consultors, elect the diocesan administrator. Its capital was Halberstadt in present-day Saxony-Anhalt, north of the Harz mountain range, Germany. Kevin E. McKenna, JCD 0:00 – 23:05 Slides 1 – 16 1. The Diocese and Prince-bishopric of Schwerin was a Catholic diocese in Schwerin, Mecklenburg, in Germany. McKenna notes that the Code of Canon Law is designed for mediation, not litigation. The Diocese of Görlitz is a diocese of the Roman Catholic church in Germany. For example, Church law allows the administrator to issue letters authorizing the ordination of diocesan priests or deacons but states he can only do so with the consent of the College of Consultors of the diocese. 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