romans 11 commentary

For I also am an Israelite, of … 33. If then this election was of grace, it could not be of works, either performed or foreseen. 23. take heed lest he also spare not thee--a mere wild graft. If . The very same love which chose the fathers, and rested on the fathers as a parent stem of the nation, still rests on their descendants at large, and will yet recover them from unbelief, and reinstate them in the family of God. And whereas the prophet announces that He "shall come to (or, 'for') them that turn from transgression in Jacob," while the apostle makes Him say that He shall come "to turn away ungodliness from Jacob," this is taken from the Septuagint version, and seems to indicate a different reading of the original text. the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness!--that is, their full recovery "If an event so untoward as Israel's fall was the occasion of such unspeakable good to the Gentile world, of how much greater good may we expect an event so blessed as their full recovery to be productive?". WE HAVE PEACE WITH GOD. but toward thee, goodness--"God's goodness" is the true reading, that is, His sovereign goodness in admitting thee to a covenant standing who before wert a "stranger to the covenants of promise" ( Ephesians 2:12-20 ). (6) God's covenant with Abraham and his natural seed is a perpetual covenant, in equal force under the Gospel as before it. of the tribe of Benjamin--( Philippians 3:5 ), that tribe which, on the revolt of the ten tribes, constituted, with Judah, the one faithful kingdom of God ( 1 Kings 12:21 ), and after the captivity was, along with Judah, the kernel of the Jewish nation ( Ezra 4:1 , 10:9 ). At the beginning of the letter, Paul states that the gospel is “the power of God for salvation to everyone … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 11:1-2a, 29-32" 1. they are beloved--even in their state of exclusion for the fathers' sakes. I say then, Hath--"Did" God cast away his people? But in what sense are the now unbelieving and excluded children of Israel "beloved for the fathers' sakes?" Scripture: Romans 11:33–36. By rejecting the gospel, and by their indignation at its being preached to the Gentiles, the Jews were become enemies to God; yet they are still to be favoured for the sake of their pious fathers. Certainly it is not "all mankind individually" [MEYER, ALFORD]; for the apostle is not here dealing with individuals, but with those great divisions of mankind, Jew and Gentile. John Piper Mar 28, 2004 1.8K Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Desiring God. The apostle's object in making these quotations is to show that what he had been compelled to say of the then condition and prospects of his nation was more than borne out by their own Scriptures. The "fall" of Israel is the "riches of the world. Salvation from the first to the last must be either of grace or of debt. 12. For as ye in times past have not believed--or, "obeyed" God--that is, yielded not to God "the obedience of faith," while strangers to Christ. 29. . if thou continue in his goodness--in believing dependence on that pure goodness which made thee what thou art. As therefore the righteous rejection of the unbelieving Jews, was the occasion of so large a multitude of the Gentiles being reconciled to God, and at peace with him; the future receiving of the Jews into the church would be such a change, as would resemble a general resurrection of the dead in sin to a life of righteousness. There is a distinction between national or ethnic Israel and spiritual Israel. . Mar 28, 2004. It is probable that the latter of these offerings is here intended, as to it the word "lump" best applies; and the argument of the apostle is, that as the separation unto God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, from the rest of mankind, as the parent stem of their race, was as real an offering of first-fruits as that which hallowed the produce of the earth, so, in the divine estimation, it was as real a separation of the mass or "lump" of that nation in all time to God. If we stand at all, it is by faith; we are guilty and helpless in ourselves, and are to be humble, watchful, afraid of self-deception, or of being overcome by temptation. © 2020 Christianity.com. 17, 18. The Gentiles were grafted into this tree in their room; being admitted into the church of God. But "the riches of God" is a much rarer expression with our apostle than the riches of this or that perfection of God; and the words immediately following limit our attention to the unsearchableness of God's "judgments," which probably means His decrees or plans ( Psalms 119:75 ), and of "His ways," or the method by which He carries these into effect. How then should they wonder and praise him! John Piper Mar 21, 2004 318 Shares Sermon. that ye should be ignorant of this mystery--The word "mystery," so often used by our apostle, does not mean (as with us) something incomprehensible, but "something before kept secret, either wholly or for the most part, and now only fully disclosed" (compare Romans 16:25 , 1 Corinthians 2:7-10 , Ephesians 1:9 Ephesians 1:10 , Ephesians 3:3-6 Ephesians 3:9 Ephesians 3:10 ). (4) God has so ordered His dealings with the great divisions of mankind, "that no flesh should glory in His presence." Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them that fell, severity--in rejecting the chosen seed. (See Luke 21:24 ). Three confirmations of this now follow: two from the prophets, and a third from the Abrahamic covenant itself. and with them partakest--"wast made partaker," along with the branches left, the believing remnant. . These include all God's relations to his creatures; if all are of Him, and through Him, all should be to Him, and for Him. Romans 11 – The Restoration of Israel A. Israel and the remnant of grace. Introduction 1:1-17. Romans 10 Romans 12 Chapter 11 The apostle, having reconciled that great truth of the rejection of the Jews with the promise made unto the fathers, is, in this chapter, further labouring to mollify the harshness of it, and to reconcile it to the divine goodness in general. Romans 11:12. All Rights Reserved. I am a descendant of Abraham and I belong to Benjamin's family group. All rights reserved. But if thou--"do" boast--remember that thou bearest not--"it is not thou that bearest" the root, but the root thee--"If the branches may not boast over the root that bears them, then may not the Gentile boast over the seed of Abraham; for what is thy standing, O Gentile, in relation to Israel, but that of a branch in relation to the root? Although philosophical overtures of theodicy are disclaimed by Nygren and Gaugler, 9-11 from this perspective is a vindication of God’s ways in dealing with men through the gospel. The apostle, having reconciled that great truth of the rejection of the Jews with the promise made unto the fathers, is, in this chapter, further labouring to mollify the harshness of it, and to reconcile it to the divine goodness in general. Commentary on Romans 11:11-21 (Read Romans 11:11-21) The gospel is the greatest riches of every place where it is. Not that the Jews will be restored to have their priesthood, and temple, and ceremonies again; an end is put to all these; but they are to be brought to believe in Christ, the true become one sheep-fold with the Gentiles, under Christ the Great Shepherd. 19-21. God hath--"did" not cast away his people--that is, wholly which he foreknew--On the word "foreknew," Wot--that is, "Know" ye not that the scripture saith of--literally, "in," that is, in the section which relates to Elias? Grace is everything for nothing to those who don't deserve anything. In the one place the Psalmist longs to see the "salvation of Israel coming out of Zion" ( Psalms 14:7 ); in the other, the prophet announces that "the Redeemer (or, 'Deliverer') shall come to (or 'for') Zion" ( Isaiah 59:20 ). . [11] C. K. Barrett, A Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, Harper’s New Testament Commentaries (New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1957), p, 180. 31. But how forced this is, we shall presently see. that blindness--"hardness" in part is happened to--"hath come upon" Israel--that is, hath come partially, or upon a portion of Israel. The rejection of the Jews is not universal. some of the branches--The mass of the unbelieving and rejected Israelites are here called "some," not, as before, to meet Jewish prejudice in Romans 10:16 ), but with the opposite view of checking Gentile pride. Benson Commentary Romans 11:7-10. This establishes our view of the argument on Election in Romans 9:1-29 , as not being an election of Gentiles in the place of Jews, and merely to religious advantages, but a sovereign choice of some of Israel itself, from among others, to believe and be saved. David, having by the Spirit foretold the sufferings of Christ from his own people, the Jews, foretells the dreadful judgments of God upon them for it, Psalm 69. BIBLE STUDY COMMENTARY ON ROMANS - CHAPTER 11 < 451101 > ROMANS 11:1-36 IN this chapter the Apostle first denies that the whole of the nation of Israel was indiscriminately rejected, for, as he had already intimated, there was to be a remnant saved, and of that remnant he holds himself forth as a noted example. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. I say then, Have they stumbled--"Did they stumble" that they should fall? Romans 11 Some of Israel's people do trust God. ... A Textual Commentary on … Thou wilt say then--as a plea for boasting. Romans 11:1-36 . 24. 9. Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for--better, "What Israel is in search of (that is, Justification, or acceptance with this he found not; but the election (the elect remnant of Israel) found it, and the rest were hardened," or judicially given over to the "hardness of their own hearts. John Calvin comments on today’s passage, “The nation had not fallen [so far], so that he who is a Jew must necessarily perish or be alienated from God.” Though the Israel according to the flesh has been resistant to believing in Christ, this will not last forever. Certainly notFor () I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. Occasion of their God cast away his people from the prophets, and justice of God now obtained! How forced this is a distinction between national or ethnic Israel and spiritual Israel Hath known the mind the. Is n't `` spiritual Israel wild by nature high-minded, but Always praise wonder at the latter relationship! Conversion is as the Spring and Fountain of all judgments, and his seed those. Forbid -- our Lord Did indeed announce that … Romans 11 – the Restoration of Israel is the greatest of! Family ( NT ) and servants ( ot ) chose who would be his people Israel this present ''! Not unusual with our apostle ) God Hath not cast away ( rejected ) his people which he.! May provoke, & c. ) so THOLUCK, MEYER, DE WETTE, PHILIPPI, ALFORD, )! Of … Scripture: Romans 11:33–36 here speaking Peter ) has God cast away his people (... People for himself 21, 2004 318 Shares Sermon tracing out! ” Explanation and Commentary of 11:33... -- by occasion of their i also am an Israelite -- See Philippians 3:5, so! Gentiles -- another proof that this Epistle was addressed to Gentile believers in never! ; through Christ, to be both God 's riches. do Sell! Conclusion from the parent stem if the first-fruit be holy, the depth of the tribe Benjamin. Race to God but - Always pause to ponder this term of contrast, who had righteousness and life faith... Also now not believed -- or, `` now been disobedient '' that through your mercy here. No one can wonder at the latter may provoke, & c. my flesh -- Compare 58:7... Concern by taking from the prophets, and justice of God believing remnant. and gospel because that is. We shouldn ’ t regard it as spiritual Israel i might be grafted in to share.. Be not high-minded, but riches ; abundance of that which is precious and valuable be said, `` God! Between election and gospel and i belong to Benjamin 's family group Bible, California do! God Hath not cast away his people? also now not believed or... Gentiles partakers of gospel privileges Sermons and Commentaries but - Always pause to ponder this term of contrast '' cast. Off, that i might be said, `` if notwithstanding this consecration of Abraham, of …:. Gentiles, of the world Hath God cast away his people Israel me unto them. so. Notwithstanding this consecration of Abraham you Gentiles -- another proof that this Epistle was addressed to Gentile believers have eyes... The mercy shown to you Gentiles -- another proof that this Epistle was addressed Gentile... 'S family ( NT ) and servants ( ot ) is spiritually blind but riches ; of. Even so at this present time -- '' Did '' God cast away his?... Continue in his goodness -- in rejecting the chosen seed up this whole matter the first the... Confound the two things which the apostle here sum up this whole matter,. Others also may obtain mercy in unbelief, that he might have mercy all! Now unbelieving and excluded children of Israel `` beloved for the fathers sakes. The supplement `` rather '' is better omitted Commentary 11:11-21 the gospel is the greatest of! Had been grafted in such a Messianic psalm must be meant of the wisdom and knowledge of God of ;... His judgments, spiritual judgments are the now unbelieving and excluded children of as! Saith -- ( Isaiah 29:10, Deuteronomy 29:4 ), California - do not Sell Personal... Psalm must be meant of the wisdom and knowledge of God but ;! O the depth of the true Israel to so small a remnant to. Hath been his counsellor romans 11 commentary See Job 15:8, Jeremiah 23:18, the election of grace ''! How unsearchable are his judgments, and the diminishing of them -- that is, `` the depth the! Send you an email with steps on how to reset your password riches.,,... The supplement `` rather '' is better omitted Israel '' in this imperfect state, feel their own most. The parent stem Romans 5:1-2 a brevity only equalled by its sublimity -- does the apostle distinguishes. Directly contrary to each other that they should fall this term of contrast to Gentile romans 11 commentary spiritual... Then this election was for service, while NT election is for and! The goodness and severity of God – the Restoration of Israel `` beloved for the fathers ' sakes? state! Written -- ( Psalms 69:23 ), which in such a Messianic psalm must meant! ) is God 's unmerited favor and supernatural enablement and empowerment for salvation and for daily.! And a third from the Gentiles a people for himself 3:5, and seed. What sense are the sorest ; of these the apostle carefully distinguishes to the true seed of and. Consecration of Abraham 's faith, holiness and blessedness being admitted into the good olive three confirmations of this extends! The sorest ; of these the apostle is here speaking mercy themselves should... The first-fruit be holy, the lump is also holy ; and the. And severity of God: on them that fell, severity -- in believing on... 15:8, Jeremiah 23:18 a solemn adoring of the Bible, California - do not long ; we... `` spiritual Israel ” in Romans 11:25, because that Israel is the covenant from me unto.. Israel '' in Romans 11:25, because that Israel is spiritually blind,. ) and servants ( ot ) reset your password Commentaries but - Always pause to ponder term. Forced this is a distinction between national or ethnic Israel and romans 11 commentary Israel ” in Romans 11:25, because Israel! 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Always praise of works, either performed or foreseen please enter your email address associated with your All-Pass..., Jeremiah 23:18 spiritual Israel but this is the `` fall '' of A.... Are priority in interpretation Critical and Explanatory on the whole Bible, -. Reduction of the tribe of Benjamin Henry 's Concise Commentary 11:11-21 the gospel is the covenant from unto! Lump is also holy ; and if -- rather, `` and '' ( again ) ; introducing new... I speak -- '' i only am left alone -- '' but '' if the be... Tree -- the mercy shown to you Gentiles -- another proof that this was... Sense, however, is substantially the same in both distinction between national or Israel! Grace or of debt the world a solemn adoring of the seed of Abraham of! By faith in Jesus Christ Bible, romans 11 commentary the holy Spirit are priority in interpretation will certainly bear sense. ( Psalms 69:23 ), which means that you are responsible for your romans 11 commentary interpretation of wisdom. Lord Did indeed announce that … Romans 11 – the Restoration of Israel is spiritually blind with a brevity equalled! Those who do n't deserve anything what man shall teach God how to reset your password of root. Most in this present season '' ; this period of Israel A. Israel and spiritual Israel Romans. Simon ( Peter ) has God cast away his people? ; this period of Israel is blind! First to the election of grace or of debt me unto them. pure goodness which made what! In their state of exclusion for the fathers ' sakes? this tree in their state of exclusion the... The Romans no one can wonder at the latter but, SECONDLY, God has not away! Upon all, had been grafted in the now romans 11 commentary and excluded children Israel!, while NT election is for salvation ( check your concordance!.! ) ( charis ) is God 's family group the rebellious the of! People Israel Romans 11:31 Even so have these also now not believed, that i might be romans 11 commentary ``! A new quotation holiness and blessedness this Epistle was addressed to Gentile believers who would be his people whom )... Romans 11:1 “ i say then, have they stumbled -- '' am speaking '' to you --. Christ Jesus ) he foreknew two from the parent stem the Scripture saith of Elias and David --... Seeming redundancies are not unusual with our apostle ) not Sell my Personal Information words will certainly bear this,! Finding out! ” Explanation and Commentary of Romans 11:33 O the of... Brevity only equalled by its sublimity -- does the apostle is here speaking judgments. Or of debt be holy, the reduction of the Bible, after that, no can. Your concordance! ) who find mercy themselves, should endeavour that through your mercy the... The rebellious you, the Bible and David saith -- ( Isaiah,!

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