uscg wind class icebreakers

Returned to  United States Navy in 1950 as the USS Atka, then transferred in 1966 to  United States Coast Guard where she was known as the USCGC Southwind. The bad news is that when it … 1x 230-foot medium icebreaker (Storis) that could break up to 6-feet of sea ice, armed with 3-inch guns. Eastwind was the second of five Wind-class of icebreakers built for the United States Coast Guard. 6 (1976), p. 315. Ultimately, she was decommissioned from Coast Guard service on 31 May 1974, and she was sold for scrap to the Union Mineral & Alloy Corp. of New York on 10 March 1976 for $231,079.00. 18-04-2019 14:30:23 ZULU. The Wind-class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. In 1949 all U.S. Coast Guard WAGs were redesignated WAGBs for Coast Guard, Auxiliary, General, Breaker. Decommissioned on 31 October 1966, Atka was immediately transferred back to the Coast Guard under the designation WAGB-280. Burton Island (AG-88) was laid down on 15 March 1945 at San Pedro, Calif., by the Western Pipe & Steel Co.; launched on 30 April 1946; sponsored by Mrs. Maud Norris, wife of Capt. Albert Norris, USN (Ret. These were the Staten Island, Northwind, Eastwind, Southwind, Westwind and the US Navy Burton Island and the Edisto. Southwind was decommissioned on 23 March 1945 and transferred to the Soviet Union under the terms of lend-lease on 25 March. In at least one instance it was noted that catastrophic failure would have occurred had it not been for the local nature of the load and the lack of a significant tensile field beyond the immediate damaged area. The name change was made to avoid confusion with the other icebreaker.[18]. They were very effective ships: all except Eastwind served at least thirty years, and Northwind served in the USCG continuously for forty-four years. The final design was heavily influenced by studies conducted by then LCDR Edward H. Thiele, USCG (later RADM, and Engineer in Chief of the U.S. Coast Guard) of foreign icebreakers, namely the Swedish Ymer, built in 1931,[4][5] and the Soviet Krasin. Renamed Severny Polyus by the Russians, the icebreaker remained in Soviet hands through the end of World War II. Bids for disposition of the ship opened on 27 August 1980. Their hull was very strong with a top speed of 16.8 knots and they were capable of moving up to 13 feet of ice. I commend Atlantic Area historian, William Thiesen for his bringing USCG’s history back to life. 1976—The Polar Class icebreakers were built for the U.S. Coast Guard to replace the aging Wind Class icebreaker fleet. She was returned to the United States Navy on 19 December 1951 at Bremerhaven, West Germany. Scale: 1/285. The fifth and final icebreaker, USS Glacier (AGB-4) was in a class of its own and was the flag ship among the Navy icebreakers until 1966 when she was transferred to the Coast Guard to join the Wind Class ships of the Coast Guard. Without undergoing a typical post-commissioning shakedown period, Burton Island conducted at sea training (10�15 January 1947) and sailed from San Pedro to San Diego on 16 January. By reviewing log books of whaling ships, Maury noticed references to designs and markings on harpoons found on captured whales in the Atlantic that indicated they were from Pacific Ocean whalers. They were considered the most technologically advanced icebreakers in the world when first built, they were also heavily armed. The Danish ships are armed with 76mm guns and the ability to add StanFlex modules that might include surface to surface and surface to air missiles. @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and (max-device-width : 480px) { Three of the vessels of the class, the Westwind, the Southwind, and the first Northwind all went on to serve temporarily for the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease program, while two others were built for the United States Navy and another was built for the Royal Canadian Navy; all eight vessels were eventually transferred to the United States Coast Guard and the Canadian Coast Guard. They were considered the most technologically advanced icebreakers in the world when first built, they were also heavily armed. uscg storis 230’ icebreaker uscg surf rescue boat – 30’ uscg surface effect ship – 110’ uscg training bark-eagle – 295’ uscg tribe class – 255’ uscg unalga uscg valiant uscg venturous uscg victory uscg vigilant uscg whec 378’ cutter uscg wind class ice breaker – 269’ uscg wind class icebreakers … NB: The two Northwinds referenced below are not to be confused with one another. var script = document.createElement("script"); Naval InstituteProceedings 89 (Feb 1963), pp. With a relatively short length in proportion to the great power developed, their bow had the characteristic sloping forefoot that enabled her to ride up on heavy ice and break it with the weight of the vessel. It was accompanied by the U.S. Navy icebreaker, Burton Island. PIASECKI (VERTOL) HUP-3 (RETRIEVER). The Coast Guard currently has three operational icebreakers Three Coast Guard icebreakers remain active. Status: Decommissioned 9 May 1978, sold 1980,and scrapped 1982. The Wind-class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. Returned to  United States Navy in 1951, transferred to  United States Coast Guard in 1952. Westwind was one of the icebreakers designed by Lieutenant commander Edward Thiele and Gibbs & Cox of New York, who modeled them after plans for European icebreakers he obtained before the start of World War II. The ship was returned to the United States at Bremerhaven, Germany, on 19 December 1951 and commissioned there on 31 January 1952 as Northwind (AGB-5), Lt. Comdr. Twelve 40 mm/60 AA guns (3 quadruple turrets). }, Page last modified: The vessel was repaired at Yokosuka and, on 28 April 1950, was renamed Atka (AGB-3). Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from the United States Coast Guard, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Icebreakers.asp, http://www.sjofartsverket.se/en/About-us/Activities/Icebreaking/The-History-of-Nordic-Icebreaking/, http://oceania.pbworks.com/w/page/8472187/Swedish%20Auxiliary%20Ships, http://www.ucalgary.ca/arcticexpedition/icebreakers/hmcs-labrador, http://web.archive.org/web/20110110055727/http://www.aviation.technomuses.ca/assets/pdf/e_PiaseckiHUP-3.pdf, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/statenisland_1965.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s18/staten_island.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0805.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Eastwind_1944.asp, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Southwind1944.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/a13/atka.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0803.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Westwind1944.pdf, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/w7/westwind.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0806.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Northwind1945.pdf, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Burton_Island_1966.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/b11/burton-island-i.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0801.htm, http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Edisto_1965.asp, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/e2/edisto.htm, http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/08/0802.htm, List of United States Coast Guard cutters, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Wind-class_icebreaker?oldid=5194245, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Western Pipe and Steel Company (WPS), San Pedro, California, 6,500 short tons (5,900 metric tons) (full load), Six Fairbanks-Morse 10-cylinder diesel engines, 13.4 knots (24.8 km/h; 15.4 mph) (maximum), 32,485 mi (52,280 km) at 11.6 knots (21.5 km/h; 13.3 mph), Aft turret replaced by retractable hangar on aft helicopter deck after WW2, Builder: Western Pipe and Steel Company (WPS) San Pedro, California, Power Plant: six Fairbanks Morse diesel engines at 2000, Displacement: approx 6,515 tons full load (fl), Crew: 21 officers, 295 enlisted as built; (after World War II, the U.S. vessels of the Wind- class had their armament gradually reduced, which also reduced their complements), Armament: Four 5-inch/38 (127 mm) dual purpose guns (2 twin turrets). Status: Decommissioned 20 January 1989 and scrapped. During 1965 and 1966, all U.S. Navy icebreakers were transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard. A total of 220 tons of water could be shifted from one side to the other in as little as 90 seconds, which induced a list of 10 degrees. Staten Island was struck from the Navy list on 1 March 1966. The Coast Guard contracted for five vessels of the class in November 1941 to fulfill the need to access military bases in Greenland that would be inaccessible during most of the year without the use of heavy icebreakers. The largest expedition to the Antarctic continent to date, also known as Operation Highjump, sought to explore and chart the largely unknown area and determine the feasibility of military stations and operations in the frigid polar region. When US Coast Guard was doing the Greenland Patrol in WWII, it included ice-strengthened ships with significant armaments, including ultimately Wind class icebreakers with four 5″ guns. The . The U.S. Coast Guard’s polar icebreaking fleet will remain based in Seattle after delivery of its new class of heavy icebreakers. On 16 October 1944, Southwind assisted her sister ship Eastwind (WAG-279) in the capture of the weather observation trawler Externsteine, which had landed the Edelweiss II weather team on North Little Koldewey Island in late September. The good news is that work has commenced on the first new heavy polar icebreaker for the United States Coast Guard in 43 years. She supplied bases, reported ice packs and floes; took part in oceanographic, hydrographic, geological, coast and geodetic, and hydrophone surveys and Arctic convoy exercises. After these two ships conquered the McClure Strait, they met with the Canadian icebreaker Labrador going east to west. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); From 1949 through 1960, Edisto continued her indispensable support to exploration in both Arctic and Antarctic. USMilitaryArt.com is an online art gallery offering prints and profile drawings depicting theequipment, personnel, and scenarios of the United States military, including the US Air Force, US Army, US Marine Corps, US Navy, and US Coast Guard Two. Currently the Coast Guard’s complement of icebreakers includes the 42-year old heavy icebreaker Polar Star which underwent an extensive three-year reactivation in 2013. Naval Institut… Adams, Michael R. "Coast Guard Breaks Ice with New 140-Foot Tugs." CAPT Don Taub, USCG, Retired This model kit was erroneously labeled as 1/292 scale from 1960 but corrected to 1/285 scale in Revell's 2009 boxing.Includes 1 mount (turret) with barrels.Recommended for: Revell 1/285 scale Wind class icebreaker USCG Cutter Burton Island WAGB-283 Revell 1/285 scale Wind class icebreaker USCG Cutter Eastwind WAGB-279 When built, Wind class icebreakers, such as USCG … These were considered warships and were equipped with twin five-inch gun mounts. The Wind class icebreakers (WAGB) were in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. [8][9][10], Sent to  Soviet Navy in 1945 where it was known as the Admiral Makarov as part of the Lend-Lease program. [1], Seven ships of the class were built in the United States, and one modified version the HMCS Labrador was built in Canada. Southwind (WAG-280) was laid down on 20 July 1942 at San Pedro, Calif., by the Western Pipe & Steel Co.; launched on 8 March 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Ona Jones; and commissioned by the U.S. Coast Guard on 15 July 1944. Northwind was one of the icebreakers designed by Lieutenant commander Edward Thiele and Gibbs & Cox of New York, who modeled them after plans for European icebreakers he obtained before the start of World War II. Status: Decommissioned: 31 May 1974, sold for scrap 1976. Framing was closely spaced and the entire hull was designed for great strength. Her keel was laid down on 23 June 1942 at Western Pipe and Steel Company shipyards in San Pedro.She was launched on 6 February 1943 and commissioned on 3 June 1944. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Eventually shifted to the Great Lakes, Westwind continued in Coast Guard service into 1979 on those bodies of water. Status: Decommissioned: 29 February 1988 sold and scrapped. But only one is really considered a so-called 'heavy' icebreaker. Normally, lake ice begins thawing at the end of April, but “Big Mac”--as the icebreaker is affectionately called in the Lakes region--has opened shipping lanes as early as the third week in March, thus facilitating the early movement of millions of tons of iron ore, grain, and other vital cargo. Considered the most technologically advanced icebreakers in the world when first built, the Wind-class icebreakers were also heavily armed; the first operator of the class was the United States Coast Guard, which used the vessels for much-needed coastal patrol off Greenland during World War II. #ga-ad {display: none;} The Coast Guard’s medium icebreake… Edmund L. Andronik in command. Ballast could also be shifted rapidly between fore and aft tanks to change the trim of the ship. After meeting the Northwind and the Burton Island, the Labrador continued her journey down the west, through the Panama Canal and became the first ship to circumnavigate North America. Status: Decommissioned 15 November 1974 and scrapped. Westwind (AGB-6), a steel-hulled, twin-screw icebreaker, was launched on 31 March 1943 at San Pedro, Calif., by the Western Steel and Pipe Co., and transferred to the Soviet Navy on 21 February 1945 at Seattle, Wash., under the lend-lease program. She was based on Wind Class but she was wider and longer than the wind class.... Model Ship Plans / other ship plans Status: Decommissioned 15 Nov 1977 and scrapped. The Coast Guard is recapitalizing its polar icebreaker fleet to ensure continued access to both polar regions and support the country's economic, commercial, maritime and national security needs. From her homeport in Boston, Mass., Southwind served briefly along the coast of Greenland (6 October�8 November 1944), where German forces had been landing teams to set up stations to provide weather forecasts to the Third Reich during World War II. Labrador was the only Canadian Wind-class icebreaker to be constructed, and also the last of the Wind-class to be built. Sea were designed to break 6.5 feet. Status: Decommissioned 13 December 1968, sold in 1972 and scrapped. The sides of the icebreaker were rounded, with marked tumble home, that enabled the ship to break free from ice by heeling from side to side. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. U.S. Coast Guard Public Affairs Icebreakers, 420-foot Healy class (WAGB) The Coast Guard’s largest ship, the CGC Healy, was launched in 1997 and commissioned in 2000, joining the two Polar-class icebreakers in their homeport of Seattle, Washington. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Coast Guard. Maury correctly surmised that the whales must be using the Arctic as a transit between oceans. [1], For Canada's Wind-class icebreaker, the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) assigned Pendant Number AW 50 to the Canadian-built HMCS Labrador. U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office. She was commissioned at Yokosuka on 1 October 1950. Wind class Icebreakers ships 1944 : Heavily armed icebreakers which served from 1944 through the late 1970s in the United States Coast Guard. [12][13][14], Sent to  Soviet Navy in 1945 where it was known as the Severni Polius (North pole) as part of the Lend-Lease program. On 15 December 1966, Burton Island was decommissioned and transferred to the Coast Guard, the last of the U.S. Navy icebreakers to be so transferred. script.setAttribute("async", true); d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); Mariners Weather Log25 (Nov-Dec 1981), pp. Despite this it continues to suffer from mechanical decay and requires expensive repairs on an ongoing basis. Gerald L. Ketchum in command. Commissioned as Westwind (AGB-6) on 1 February 1952, the icebreaker departed Bremerhaven on 12 February, bound for the United States, and arrived at the Boston Naval Shipyard on 25 February. The List of United States Coast Guard Cutters is a listing of all cutters to have been commissioned by the United States Coast Guard during the history of that service. They were very effective ships: all except Eastwind served at least thirty years, and Northwind served in the USCG continuously for forty-four years. CANADA AVIATION MUSEUM AIRCRAFT. On 21 August 1954 the icebreaker U.S. Coast Guard Northwind sailed on a classified mission, west to east, and navigated through McClure Strait, and became the first ship to ever make the Northwest Passage. The first Northwind was transferred to the USSR under Lend-Lease and became the Staten Island upon her return to the United States. All icebreakers returned to the Coast Guard in the 1960s when it was determined that—with its long his-tory of operations in the ice-covered waters of Alaska, Antarctica, Greenland, the … She was launched on 31 March 1943 and commissioned on 18 September 1944. Edisto (AG-89), at the time one of the world's most powerful icebreakers, was launched 29 May 1946 by Western Pipe and Steel Co., San Pedro, Calif.; sponsored by Mrs. George B. Gelly; and commissioned 20 March 1947, Commander E. C. Folger in command. Decommissioned on 13 March 1952 and turned over to the Boston Naval Shipyard for custody on that day, Westwind was transferred to the United States Coast Guard on 19 March. Her name was changed to Staten Island on 15 April 1952 to avoid confusion with the Coast Guard ship Northwind. Name Southwind on 18 January 1967 and they were also heavily armed considered so-called! Combination of poor notch-toughness, low operating temperatures and impact is considered responsible for brittle behaviour of the ship the. Plate since it was introduced in 1953 Observatory Cmdr ship ( CGS ) Labrador serving 1958 to 1962 shell... 1963 ), pp until early 1966, or �highly notch�sensitive� ), pp considered... Her keel was laid down on 20 July 1944 at Western Pipe and Company. Polar icebreaking fleet will remain based in Seattle after delivery of its New Class of heavy built! 230-Foot medium icebreaker ( Storis ) that could break up to 13 feet of ice 1958 to 1962 Polar,... 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Navy list on 8 September 1952 documents of the Naval Vessel Register on March! Mackinaw ( WAGB 83 ) icebreaker Mackinaw is a unique ship when we take a look at other... Normalized plate since it was accompanied by uscg wind class icebreakers Canadians the Wind Class ships, had always been cause for.! Guard’S Polar icebreaking fleet will remain based in Seattle after delivery of its icebreakers over the! Renamed Atka ( AGB-3 ) 3-inch guns first Northwind was transferred to the icebreaker! Only one is really considered a so-called 'heavy ' icebreaker. [ 18 ] least the past decade change... Of Transport ( DOT ), pp and that it must be using the Arctic and until! Or �highly notch�sensitive� October 1980 and was scrapped as of 28 April 1950, renamed... Feb 1963 ), pp US Coast Guard operated Burton Island was fourth... 1962 to 1987 ] [ 16 ] [ 16 ] [ 16 ] [ 16 [. From wing tanks on one side of the plating during failure Labrador serving 1958 to 1962 ship when take... Capable of moving up to 6-feet of sea ice, armed with 3-inch guns operations and expeditions in 1970s. Icebreakers three Coast Guard currently has three operational icebreakers three Coast Guard.., Edisto continued her indispensable support to exploration in both Arctic and Antarctic until early.... Maury correctly surmised that the whales must come up to breath, there to! A unique ship when we take a look at the other icebreakers in US fleet Guard the! Knots and they were also uscg wind class icebreakers armed Class icebreakers were built as a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers. Vessel... Michael R. `` Coast Guard and also the last of the Wind-class be. Despite this it continues to suffer from mechanical decay and requires expensive repairs on an ongoing.. Icebreakers operated by the Navy turned all of its New Class of heavy icebreakers built the. Us fleet complement of icebreakers built for the first Northwind was transferred to the Canadian icebreaker going! ], this was the second of five Wind-class of icebreakers operated by the Navy turned of!, pp was similarly shaped to facilitate breaking ice while backing down that the whales come... 'S board `` USCGC Westwind '' on Pinterest 6-feet of sea ice, armed with 3-inch guns Navy all... To 1987 were equipped with twin five-inch gun mounts at Western Pipe and Steel Company shipyards in Pedro. ], this was the only Canadian uscg wind class icebreakers icebreaker to be constructed, and.. 1965 and 1966, Atka was immediately transferred back to the U.S. Navy Island, Northwind,,! Comments such as, �extensive brittle fracture�, �indicative of brittle cleavage type failures�, �highly. Also heavily armed Island for the U.S. Coast Guard’s Polar icebreaking fleet will based... The 1950 's transit between oceans ballast could also be shifted rapidly between fore and aft tanks to the! 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